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The geology and geochemistry of the Ansons Bay Batholith, N.E Tasmania


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Kitto, PA 1982 , 'The geology and geochemistry of the Ansons Bay Batholith, N.E Tasmania', Honours thesis, University of Tasmania.

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The granitic complex forming the Ansons Bay Batholith (300) km2)
in northeastern Tasmania, is composed of a variety of granitoids which
intrude the low-grade regionally metamorphosed Ordivician to Lower
Devonian Mathinna Beds.
The granitoids are divided into five major types based on mafic
mineralogy, plagioclase composition and textural variation. Geochemical
evidence suggests that the granodiorite, microgranite and biotite-,
garnet-biotite, and alkali feldspar granites have been derived by
Rayleigh fractional crystallization of a melt from a ~hemically inhomogeneous
source region. Major and trace element modelling of the biotite-,
garnet-biotite, and alkali feldspar granites explains the linear trend
observed between these granites by 25% fractional crystallization of a
solid composed of 64% plagioclase, 20% biotite, and 16% K-feldspar.
Late Devonian dolerite dykes (up to 10 km long) associated with
late stage crystallization of the granites, may provide an upper age limit
to the Tabberabberan Orogeny within the Ansons Bay Batholith.
An agmatic migmatite, 2 km south of Eddystone Point, has a
K-fe1dspar-cordierite hornfels facies mineral assemblage. P-T conditions
of 1 kb and 600°C are inferred for the migmatite formation. Granite
contamination and Mathinna Bed xenoliths are largely restricted to the
migmatite contact.
Mafic xenoliths from both the granodiorite and garnet-biotite
granites have cognate (cumulate) origins and are unrelated to the
country rocks. The aplitic xenoliths from the garnet-biotite granites,
however, are interpreted as dismembered alkali feldspar dykes.
The mafic mineral assemblages from the garnet-biotite granites
suggest low pressure conditions (1 kb) of emplacement at temperatures
0 close to 700 C. Garnet-biotite (cordierite) geothermometry and feldspar
geothermometry confirm these temperatures.

Item Type: Thesis - Honours
Authors/Creators:Kitto, PA
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