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Conventional and experimental indicators of knowledge flows

Arundel, A and Constantelou, A 2006 , 'Conventional and experimental indicators of knowledge flows', in Knowledge Flows in European Industry , Routledge.

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The last decade has seen an enormous increase in both policy and academic
interest in the flows of knowledge between individuals, firms and institutions
such as universities and government research labs and the role of
such knowledge flows in innovation. The third edition of the Oslo
Manual, for example, includes a separate chapter on the role of 'linkages'
in innovation and how to measure linkages in innovation surveys. European
policy at both the supra-national and national levels includes a
diverse range of programmes to encourage knowledge flows, particularly
between firms and the publicly-funded research infrastructure. This is
based on a long-standing belief in a systematic failure of European firms
to commercialize discoveries made by public universities and research
institutes (European Commission [EC] 2001), although the causes of such
a failure is the subject of a lively debate (Dosi et ai. 2005).

Item Type: Book Section
Authors/Creators:Arundel, A and Constantelou, A
Publisher: Routledge
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Copyright © 2006 Routledge, Taylor and Francis

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