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Normalisation models for accounting for fat content in stable isotope measurements in salmonid muscle tissue


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Abrantes, KG, Semmens, JM, Lyle, JM and Nichols, PD 2012 , 'Normalisation models for accounting for fat content in stable isotope measurements in salmonid muscle tissue' , Marine Biology, vol. 159 , pp. 57-64 , doi: 10.1007/s00227-011-1789-1.

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Stable isotope analysis is increasingly used in ecological studies. Because lipid content influences d13C, lipids should be removed from lipid-rich samples before d13C analysis. To account for differences in d13C arising from differences in lipid content, relationships between lipid content, C:N ratio and Dd13C with lipid removal can be used to normalise lipid content to uniform levels. We investigate these relationships for salmonid muscle and evaluate the suitability of previously published normalisation equations for these fish. Salmonids with a wide range of condition (muscle lipid content = 3–35% of dry weight) were considered. There were no consistent relationships between lipid content or C:N ratio and Dd15N. There were linear relationships between C:N ratio and lipid content (L = -16.53 ? 6.27 9 C:N); C:N ratio and Dd13C
(Dd13C = -1.87 ? 0.65 9 C:N); and lipid content and Dd13C (Dd13C = 0.01 ? 0.10 9 L), which should be used on salmonid stable isotope studies.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Abrantes, KG and Semmens, JM and Lyle, JM and Nichols, PD
Journal or Publication Title: Marine Biology
DOI / ID Number: 10.1007/s00227-011-1789-1
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