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The geochemsitry of the Fosterville Goldfield, Victoria


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Nand, A 1989 , 'The geochemsitry of the Fosterville Goldfield, Victoria', Honours thesis, University of Tasmania.

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The Fosterville goldfield occurs in sandstones, siltstones and shales of
Ordovician age, associated with the brecciated shear zones and associated stockworks
of the Fosterville Shear Zone. The Fosterville Fault is a planar mineralized structure
with significant old mine workings in the oxidized zone over a strike length of 8 km.
The present Central Ellesmere and F.osterville prospects are situated along the
Fosterville Fault.
The style of mineralization present in the Fosterville goldfield is a sedimentary
rock-hosted gold deposit, along the Fosterville Fault Zone. Gold occurs within
sediment hosted arsenopyrite and pyrite, in crystal lattice and/or as minute inclusions.
The mineralized fault breccia and associated stockworks are vertical to sub-vertical and
up to 30 m in width; only very minor quartz veining occurs.
The origin of the Fosterville gold deposit is considered to be genetically related
to a granite source, with a temperature for the mineralizing fluid of approximately 370
oc. The depth of the system range from 6.5-10 km.
PIXE (proton-induced x-ray emission) and AAS (atomic absorption
spectroscopy) have been very useful in analyzing for trace elements in vein quartz. The
Fosterville quartz shows generally high levels of trace elements. The analyses showed
positive correlation between the presence ofK, Ge, AI and As with Au in the host rock
and ihe intensity of the EPR (electron paramagnetic resonance) of quartz veins. There is
a highly significant correlation between the Ge content and EPR of the quartz at the
absorption peak at g 2.0027. The present study indicates that the paramagnetic centre is
Ge-AI related.
The high correlation between Ge, Au and EPR suggests that EPR and Ge may
be used as an indicator of gold mineralization in this type of deposits. Ge is an element
typically enriched in late magmatic and hydrothermal minerals.

Item Type: Thesis - Honours
Authors/Creators:Nand, A
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