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Hormonal changes during non-climacteric ripening in strawberry


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Symons, GM, Chua, YJ, Ross, JJ, Quittenden, LJ, Davies, NW and Reid, JB 2012 , 'Hormonal changes during non-climacteric ripening in strawberry' , Journal of Experimental Botany, no. Advanc , doi: 10.1093/jxb/ers147.

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In contrast to climacteric fruits, where ethylene is known to be pivotal, the regulation of ripening in non-climacteric
fruits is not well understood. In the non-climacteric strawberry (Fragaria anannassa), auxin and abscisic acid (ABA) are
thought to be important, but the roles of other hormones suggested to be involved in fruit development and ripening
are not clear. Here changes in the levels of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), ABA, GA1, and castasterone from anthesis to fully
ripened fruit are reported. The levels of IAA and GA1 rise early in fruit development before dropping to low levels prior
to colour accumulation. Castasterone levels are highest at anthesis and drop to very low levels well before ripening
commences, suggesting that brassinosteroids do not play an important role in ripening in strawberry. ABA levels are
low at anthesis and gradually rise through development and ripening. The synthetic auxin, 1-naphthaleneacetic acid
(NAA), can delay ripening, but the application of GA3, the gibberellin biosythesis inhibitor paclobutrazol, and ABA had
no significant effect. IAA and ABA levels are higher in the developing achenes than in the receptacle tissue and may be
important for receptacle enlargement and ripening, and seed maturation, respectively. Contrary to a recent report, the
biologically active GA4 was not detected. The pattern of changes in the levels of the hormones are different from those
reported in another well studied non-climateric fruit, grape, suggesting that a single consistent pattern of hormone
changes does not occur in this group of fruit during ripening.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Symons, GM and Chua, YJ and Ross, JJ and Quittenden, LJ and Davies, NW and Reid, JB
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Botany
ISSN: 0022-0957
DOI / ID Number: 10.1093/jxb/ers147
Additional Information:

© 2012 The Author(s).
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (
3.0/uk/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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