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Aquatic invertebrate fauna of western Tasmania


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Swain, R, Allbrook, P and Lake, PS 1977 , 'Aquatic invertebrate fauna of western Tasmania' , Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, vol. Landsc , pp. 81-100 .

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Although there are close associations with the south-western fauna , there are nevertheless some aquatic invertebrates found predominantly in western Tasmania, and some biological problems best studied by reference to such animals; examples from two families of crustacea and two insect orders are discussed in this paper .
Western Tasmania may be regarded as the freshwater crayfish ( Parastacidae) centre of the State , all four Tasmanian genera being found there . Each genus is discussed in turn ; the habitats utilised are considered and adaptation to these habitats is illustrated by particular reference to burrow systems , calcium distribution in the exoskeleton and where possible , breeding patterns . Data is also provided on distribut i on and
associated zoogeographical questions are briefly considered .
Two genera of the fami ly Koonungidae ( Syncarida) are found in the west -
Micraspides and Koonunga . Their habitats �nd distribution are discus s ed and att ent ion
is drawn to the need for more ecological data in order to formulate answers to the
zoogeographical issues invo lved .
The Odonata exemplify an insect order with g enerally good dispersal power s . Al l
dragonfly species found in west ern Tasmania, t ogether with their nymphal habitats, are
co llated and discussed. The mo st interest ing speci es are the co ld- c l imat e adapted
species , especial ly archai cs such as Archipetalia auriculata and Synthemiopsis
gomphomacromioides. At t ention is drawn to the probable importance of diapaus e as an
adaptat ion to cold montane habitat s . Three component s are recogni sed in the odonatan
fauna , - cosmopo l i tan groups , anci ent Aus tralasian groups , and very anc i ent Gondwanal and re lict s .
The Plecoptera is an order demonstrat ing poor vagi l i ty and only 6 of 31 Tasmani an
species are shared with mainl and Aus tral i a . The maj ori ty of Tasmanian speci es are
cold c l imat e adapted forms and cons equent ly west ern wat ers have a part i cularly conspi cuous s tone fly fauna . Data on the habitats and di stribut ion of a l l speci es found
in west ern Tasmania is co l l at ed and discussed.
The influence of man on aquat ic environments in west ern Tasmania is bri efly cons idered . Environmental modi fication result s from mining act ivities , hydro -el ectri c
deve l opmen t , fore s try practices and from the introduction of exotic speci es such as

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Swain, R and Allbrook, P and Lake, PS
Keywords: Royal Society of Tasmania, RST, Van Diemens Land, natural history, science, ecology, taxonomy, botany, zoology, geology, geography, papers & proceedings, Australia, UTAS Library
Journal or Publication Title: Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania
ISSN: 0080-4703
Collections: Royal Society Collection > Papers & Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania
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Edited by M.R. Banks and J.B. Kirkpatrick. - Copyright Royal Society of Tasmania

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