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Reinhabiting technology: ends in means and the practice of place


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Davison, A 2004 , 'Reinhabiting technology: ends in means and the practice of place' , Technology in Society, vol. 26, no. 1 , pp. 85-97 , doi: 10.1016/j.techsoc.2003.10.007.

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A lack of awareness of the ways we inhabit, and not just merely use, technology has greatly
limited our capacity to understand the ways in which reason and practice structure each other. In
exploring the interplay of rationality and experience in this paper, then, I resist the
representation of artefacts as mere tools or autonomous tyrants, arguing instead that
technological, conceptual, and moral changes are webbed together in everyday practices.
Influential explanations of practical reason such as Pierre Bourdieu's analysis of habitus are
vital in developing such a relational understanding of technology. We shall see, however, that
even such excellent accounts of mind's embodiment in social space seem unaware of the irony
that the dominance of the ideal of transcendent reason is no longer maintained by the work of
theorists. Rather, it is maintained by a specific condition of practice; namely, the new
technological capacity to dissociate ends and means. The 'foreground of ends' is organised by
the freedoms of individual self-creation through consumption. Yet in the 'background of means'
that sustains this world of private choice social structures become objective 'facts' beyond
rational negotiation. The reciprocity of self and world required for genuine inhabitation of
ecological and social places is lost. Any recovery of this reciprocity thus demands that decisions
about technology be recognised as nothing less than political and moral, i.e., rational,
deliberations about what kinds of humanity we want to build and inhabit.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Davison, A
Keywords: habitus, environment, epistemology, philosophy of technology, sense of place
Journal or Publication Title: Technology in Society
ISSN: 0160-791X
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.techsoc.2003.10.007
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