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Crude Oil Prices and Liquidity, the BRIC and G3 countries

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Ratti, R and Vespignani, JL (2012) Crude Oil Prices and Liquidity, the BRIC and G3 countries. Discussion Paper. School of Economics and Finance, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Unanticipated increases in the BRIC countries’ liquidity lead to significant and persistent increases in real oil prices, global oil production and global real aggregate demand. Unanticipated shocks to the liquidity of developed countries over 1997:01-2011:12 do not. The relative
contribution to real oil price of liquidity in BRIC countries to liquidity in developed countries is much greater since 2005 than before 2005. China and India drive the results for the effect of BRIC countries’ liquidity on real oil price and global oil production. China and India and Brazil and Russia reinforce one another on the effect of liquidity on global real aggregate demand. Due to the
difference between countries as commodity importers/exporters, the liquidity of Brazil and Russia increases significantly with a rise in real oil price and that of China and India decreases significantly with a rise in real oil price. It is shown that the strong rebound in oil price during 2009 is mostly due to strong effects of shocks to liquidity in the BRIC countries. The analysis helps in assessing the importance of the BRIC economies in the upsurge of the real price of crude oil.

Item Type: Report (Discussion Paper)
Keywords: repec, Oil Price, BRIC countries, China and India, Global liquidity
Publisher: School of Economics and Finance, University of Tasmania
Additional Information:

Discussion paper 2012-11. Copyright 2012 University of Tasmania.

Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2012 23:15
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:46
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