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The formulation of sustainable transport and movement strategies - Case Study The University of Tasmania (Sandy Bay)

Clennett, N 1994 , 'The formulation of sustainable transport and movement strategies - Case Study The University of Tasmania (Sandy Bay)', Unspecified thesis, University of Tasmania.

PDF (Front matter)
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PDF (Whole thesis)
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Available under University of Tasmania Standard License.


The Modern City of Western Society is
currently confronting many issues that will
determine its future form. For those
responsible for 'controlling' development
patterns these issues are personified by the
Sustainable Development Debate. Such
debate is formulated upon a concern for
the future ability of the earth's
environment to handle society's growing
pressures on its natural resources - earth,
air and water.
The process through which the Western
City has developed has lead to the
establishment of development patterns,
and social habits that effectively threaten
the maintenance of these systems. This
Study is concerned with those
development patterns and habits centred
around transport patterns, aiming at the
establishment of recommendations and
strategies to alter current systems and to
provide movement alternatives to
For the purpose of practical
implementation, and more favourable
community acceptance, the author choose
to consider a specific area with existing
traffic problems as a Case Study. Such
Case Study was the University of
Tasmania's Sandy Bay Campus.
The University experiences traffic and
parking problems associated with oncampus
parking and street formations, and
ease of access to the neighbouring
suburban area. The Campus provides
insufficient parking on site in an
inadequate form resulting in an overspill
of traffic into residential streets. Traffic
and parking in the area visually degrades
building forms and streets capes. It
physically separates local residents from
their neighbours on the opposite side of
the street, creating problems with noise
and safety. Such concentration of traffic
by the University and the Hobart City
Council has placed the pedestrian,
bicyclist and public transport patron into
the 'too hard basket'. Services for these
persons are substandard, illegible and
often inaccessible.
With these concerns in mind, the author
discusses the current theory on Traffic
Calming - as a total streets cape issue - and
Planning for Alternative Forms of
Considerations include:
(a) The implementation of street forms
that cater for all intended users, the
motorist, bicyclist, pedestrian and
resident in a practical, safe and
visually attractive manner;
(b) The advantages and disadvantages,
implementation processes and
relevance of public transit modes
such as heavy rail, light rail and
(c) The advantages and disadvantages
of non-motorised transport - walking
and bicycling, including the
necessary considerations in their
With these considerations in mind, the
Study then discusses the problems of the
Study Area in detail, including the role of
the historical pattern of development in the
current problems. These discussions
highlight the inadequacies of parking
form, street design, public transport
legibility, services for the pedestrian and
bicyclist, and traffic control.
Chapter 5 therefore lists the options
available to address these problems, within
the umbrella of theory discussed:
(a) Consideration is given to the reestablishment
of at least one of the sportsgrounds to an alternative area
of the title for the purpose of
introducing a multi-level carpark,
and further residential facilities;
(b) An alternative parking policy is
recommended allowing equal access
to on-campus parking through the
payment of a minimal fee;
(c) A recommendation is made that
pedestrian services both on-campus
and off be improved through the use
of paving, landscaping, and the
introduction of street furniture and
directional signage;
(d) Consideration is given to the lack of
facilities for bicyclists and a
recommendation made that services
be upgraded through the
introduction of segregated and
shared footways both on and off
campus, providing continuous
separation from traffic along major
traffic routes. In addition parking
facilities are recommended for oncampus
accommodation through the
provision of a sheltered parking area.
(e) An alternative street system is
recommended through the
introduction of a number of street
designs-based upon traffic calming
techniques- providing improved
visual amenity, reduced formation
widths, safer and wider pedestrian
facilities, segregated footways for
bicycles, and improved safety at
(f) Recommendations are made to
improve the legibility of the
Metropolitan Transport Trust
Services and to upgrade the services
provided by the intra-campus bus
Although many of the recommendations
made are specific to the site, the strategies
implemented will be applicable to any area
experiencing traffic problems.
Even more so, however, the author hopes
that the problems raised and issues
discussed within the Study can act as
catalyst for the formulation of traffic and
movement strategies for implementation in
areas not yet confronted with these
concerns, this is the real issue for the
Sustainable future of Cities.

Item Type: Thesis - Unspecified
Authors/Creators:Clennett, N
Additional Information:

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