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Effective Environmental Federalism?: Australia's Natural Heritage Trust


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Crowley, K 2001 , 'Effective Environmental Federalism?: Australia's Natural Heritage Trust' , Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, vol. 3, no. 4 , pp. 255-272 , doi: 10.1002/jepp.95.

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This paper examines effective federalism in relation to the Natural Heritage Trust (NHT), now a AU$2.5billion environmental policy initiative, and Australia's largest ever single environmental spending programme. In the absence of any other policy reviews or critiques, this paper is a descriptive and analytical piece, outlining and evaluating the NHT's
administration, accountability measures and ecological outcomes against the goals of effective federalism. Effective federalism involves the national government seeking more efficient and effective delivery of environmental outcomes while revitalizing its partnerships with state and local governments to protect the environment. Both this term and the NHT
are initiatives of the conservative national coalition government (which has been in office now since 1996) and have been implemented by its Environment Minister, Senator Hill. For the benefit of international readers, this paper places effective federalism in its historical context, and in the context of very familiar tensionsfor and against the devolution of
environmental governance. It finds effective federalism to be an ambitious aim, indeed more so than the NHT's legislative goals of generating environmental investment and raising community awareness about the need for ecological sustainability.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Crowley, K
Keywords: Australia; environmental policy; environmental governance; environmental federalism
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning
DOI / ID Number: 10.1002/jepp.95
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