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Lithuanian artists in Australia 1950-1990: Vols.I and II


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Kazokas, GE 1992 , 'Lithuanian artists in Australia 1950-1990: Vols.I and II', PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

PDF (Whole thesis Vol. 1)
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Available under University of Tasmania Standard License.

PDF (Whole thesis Vol. 2)
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Available under University of Tasmania Standard License.


This thesis documents and discusses the life and work of 137 Lithuanian artists
in Australia from 1950 to 1990. In order to provide a context for doing this, a
panoramic view of the organizational and cultural activities of the general
Lithuanian community in Australia is included. The thesis then attempts to give
an account of the contributions made by Lithuanian artists to Australian visual art
in graphic art, oil and watercolour painting, sculpture, portraiture, photography,
ceramics and theatrical stage desi go.
There have been no previous studies of Lithuanian art in Australia and
this material has been collected directly from the artists during interviews, by
researching the Lithuanian and Australian press and catalogues and, in the case
of deceased artists, by interviewing their relatives and friends. Many works in
private Lithuanian collections around Australia have been photographed.
The thesis has seven chapters. The first gives an outline of Lithuanian
history from the thirteenth century until World War II. The second chapter is
concerned with Lithuanian cultural history and includes information about
Lithuanian mythology, language and literature and the development of
Lithuanian art. The third chapter describes the organization and development of
cultural activities of Lithuanian communities in Australia. A comparison is made
with longer-established Lithuanian communities in the USA. The final four
chapters are concerned with the artistic activities of individual artists.
For ease of organization and comprehension, the thesis divides artists
according to whether they are first- or second-generation Lithuanians in
Australia. First-generation artists are subdivided into five groups with the terms
'Vanguard', 'Delayed', 'Latecomers', 'Folk Artists' and 'CommunitySupporting
Artists' used to distinguish among them. Second-generation artists
are subdivided into two groups, 'Young Arrivals' and 'Australian-born'.
Some of the terms used require a brief explanation. 'Vanguard' are those
first-generation artists who, when they arrived in Australia had already
undergone extensive artistic training in Europe. In some cases, they were
established artists. They generally began to pursue artistic activity almost
immediately, even while carrying out re-settlement contractual obligations. Most
were also active Lithuanian community members and the term 'Vanguard' seems
a particularly apt title for this group of artists. 'Delayed' artists are those who,
for various reasons, found it necessary to postpone artistic activity after their
migration to Australia. Most had had professional art training in Europe but were not able to engage in artistic activity to any degree for a considerable time after
coming here.
Those classified as 'Latecomers' have generally taken up art at a later
stage of their lives. Although art was often an interest from childhood, for most
the opportunity to study and pursue art did not come until many years after their
arrival in Australia.
The thesis further divides the artists and the Lithuaruan communities on a
geographic regional basis. Chapter 4 deals with Sydney, the largest Lithuanian
population centre in Australia; subsequent chapters focus on Melbourne and
Adelaide, while Chapter 7 describes a number of smaller Lithuanian
communities and the Lithuanian artists who work there.
A number of distinctive Lithuanian characteristics and concerns are
addressed as well as ways in which Lithuanian artists have spread their influence
beyond the Lithuanian community.

Item Type: Thesis - PhD
Authors/Creators:Kazokas, GE
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