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Tourism in national parks: Managing a paradoxical mandate


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Sutton, R 1994 , 'Tourism in national parks: Managing a paradoxical mandate', Research Master thesis, University of Tasmania.

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This thesis deals with reconciling environmental protection and
tourism in national parks. It asks, "What tourism is appropriate in
national parks?" The objective is to develop an assessment framework
to answer this question.
There is widespread contemporary discussion about the perceived
economic benefits of tourism. Some argue that national parks should
provide economic returns and job opportunities to the community.
Consequently, tourism, particularly ecotourism, is seen as a promising
economic use of national parks. At the same time, many people
believe that national parks are important for environmental protection
and preservation.
The history of national parks, the assumptions and values held about
them, and the legislation establishing them, are examined to determine
the roles and values of national parks today. The phenomenon of
tourism is examined along with management responses to dealing
with it in national parks. A confusion of purpose and the lack of a clear
tourism assessment process are identified. The need for a framework
to assess appropriate tourism in national parks is established and a
new, legislative, policy, and implementation framework is proposed.
The framework sets out a clearly defined process, identifying the key
components necessary for its application. It requires an explicit
legislative definition of national parks, a statement of purpose in the
formal gazettal of each park, the setting of goals for the future character
of each park, the setting of goals and objectives for tourism in national
parks, and development of strategies for achieving the tourism goals
and objectives. The key strategy is the development of criteria for
assessing tourism proposals for national parks.
To elaborate and test the framework, the substance of some of the key
components of it is proposed. The framework is further tested, in a
case study, by applying it to Maria Island National Park. The case study
proposes a statement of purpose and future character goals for the park. Tourism values and tourism opportunities for the park are identified.
Limitations of the proposed framework are discussed and suggestions
for further development are made.

Item Type: Thesis - Research Master
Authors/Creators:Sutton, R
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