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Women in political elites : a comparison of Australia with Taiwan


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Chou, Hai-Chuan 1996 , 'Women in political elites : a comparison of Australia with Taiwan', PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

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This study compares recruitment and career paths of women
politicians in Australia and Taiwan. It is based on the analysis of
biographical materials and interviews with women MPs. The thesis
argues that access of women to political elites is influenced by social
dynamics, especially the pattern of modernisation. Different paths of
modernisation — 'even' in Australia and 'uneven' in Taiwan — are
associated with different configurations of gender-related political
opportunities and resources, and with different political career paths.
Political opportunities concern the overall access to social statuses and
crucial pools of 'political eligibles'; political resources refer to those
characteristics which are pivotal to securing promotion to elite
positions. 'Even' modernisation in Australia is marked by economic,
political and sociocultural modernisation, growing individualism and
equalisation of political opportunities for women. However, such
modernisation does not necessarily give women equal access to
political resources, which tend to be concentrated in political
organisations. 'Uneven' modernisation in Taiwan is marked by
persistence of many traditional cultural norms and values, especially
those concerning gender roles and the family. Consequently, women
in Taiwan have more limited political opportunities than women in
Australia. However, they have access to political resources, some of
them gender-specific, which are concentrated in family networks and
local communities. The career structures of women politicians (MPs)
in both countries reflect these differences. Organisational (party or
union) activist careers are dominant in Australia; they involve early
entries into organised politics and long political apprenticeships. The
dominant political career path for women in Taiwan represents a
family-sponsored type; it involves a period of intense local activism.

Item Type: Thesis - PhD
Authors/Creators:Chou, Hai-Chuan
Keywords: Women, Women, Elite (Social sciences), Elite (Social sciences)
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 1996 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Tasmania, 1997. Includes bibliographical references

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