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The implementation of the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty : the interplay between law and environmental management

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Cordonnery, Laurence (1997) The implementation of the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty : the interplay between law and environmental management. PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Abstract

This thesis argues the need to reinforce the legal basis for environmental
protection in Antarctica through an analysis of the provisions contained in the
Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty. An alternative to
overcome the current deficiencies of the Protocol is provided through
evidenced based information documenting the spatial dimension of the issues
at stake. The relevance of using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for
gathering and analysing such information is demonstrated through a case
study which provides a methodology for implementing the criteria listed in the
Protocol with respect to protected areas designation.
The aim of the research is to integrate the analytical methods of several
academic disciplines, namely international environmental law, political science,
environmental studies and geographical information systems technology, in
order to address the issues associated with the implementation of the Protocol
on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty.
The first part of the thesis analyses the legal and political obstacles to a
standardised implementation of the Protocol along with the weaknesses
contained in some of the provisions of the Protocol. The key role of the
Committee for Environmental Protection (CEP) in the implementation process
is emphasised in parallel with that of the Scientific Committee and the
Commission of the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living
Resources (CCAMLR). CCAMLR is analysed as an institutional precedent
within the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) and as a model for the
institutionalisation of the CEP.
The second part of this thesis analyses the potential relevance of decision
support tools such as GIS to the operation of the CEP. The analysis emphasises
the use of GIS for developing the new protected area system detailed in Annex
V of the Protocol. It relies upon precedents within International and Antarctic
Organisations which have recently adopted GIS technology for environmental
management purposes.
The third part of this thesis develops a methodology for interpreting and
applying criteria for the designation of protected areas listed in Annex V. This
methodology focuses upon the use of GIS applied to a case study area, the Windmill Islands, East Antarctica, where fieldwork was undertaken during the
summer 1995-1996. The case study casts light upon the potential of GIS
techniques for the implementation of the provisions of the Protocol.
The thesis concludes that the current provisions of the Protocol are insufficient
to ensure its standardised implementation throughout Antarctica. The
concluding part outlines the benefits of the GIS methodology developed in the
case study and advocates its implementation within the institutional context
detailed in this thesis, wherein the CEP would play a central role.
Recommendations are formulated in which the limitations of the case study
outcomes are noted, as are the improvements needed for GIS's full potential for
environmental management purposes to be realised.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Antarctic Treaty (1959). Protocols, etc., 1991 Oct. 4, Environmental law, Environmental protection, Environmental monitoring
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 1997 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Library has additional copy on microfiche. Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Tasmania, 1998. Includes bibliographical references

Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2014 00:48
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2016 02:41
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