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Parenting style and antisocial pathways : the implications of rational choice assumptions in crime prevention


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Ac, Rosemary 2008 , 'Parenting style and antisocial pathways : the implications of rational choice assumptions in crime prevention', Coursework Master thesis, University of Tasmania.

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This dissertation looks at the problem of increasing rates of antisocial behaviour in
western countries. As such, the structural models being proposed to ameliorate this trend
in Australia are questioned. Current strategies include tough punitive measures,
cognitive education, therapy and diversion through welfare services. However, over the
last two decades, increases rather than decreases in criminal behaviour and depressive
illness have occurred, especially in Tasmania. By means of interviews with practitioners,
from various agencies, problems in trying to address antisocial trends are examined.
There are many theories on offending, with the idea of 'pathways' prominent in recent
literature. However, Australian crime prevention approaches are becoming less focused
on developmental explanations in favour of a 'rational choice' view which seems to
blame the underprivileged for their problems. Furthermore, although acknowledging the
need for early intervention, rational choice notions downplay the implications of
parenting style on offending pathways. This is because of an assumption that trust is
inbuilt and behavioural motivations instrumental and reciprocal. Hence, the idea is that
those who are inherently resilient will overcome their disadvantage by choosing good
role models and supports during life transitions. Consequently, both developmental and
rational choice models attend to the journey rather than the source of social pathways.
This dissertation argues that the sensitive pre-language phase of childhood is where
feelings of trust and empathy develop, temperament is determined and pro-social or
antisocial propensities arise. By noting emerging patterns of behaviour observed by
practitioners and exploring the literature on offending, it is hoped to highlight how
parenting style is not just one of the many factors involved in offending behaviour but the
principal driver of social outcomes

Item Type: Thesis - Coursework Master
Authors/Creators:Ac, Rosemary
Copyright Holders: The Author
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Copyright 2008 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
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Available for library use only and copying in accordance with the Copyright Act 1968, as amended. Thesis (MCrimCorr)--University of Tasmania, 2008. Includes bibliographical references

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