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Operant and classical conditioning of cutaneous vasomotor dilation : a comparison of methodologies with internal and external locus of control subjects

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Dragutinovich, Steven (1982) Operant and classical conditioning of cutaneous vasomotor dilation : a comparison of methodologies with internal and external locus of control subjects. Research Master thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Abstract

The present research investigated the relation between
locus of control (LOC) and operant and classical conditioning
of cutaneous (digital) vasomotor dilation.
Ten internal and ten external LOC subjects with equal
numbers of males and females were selected on the basis of
scores obtained on the Self-Control dimension of Reid and
Ware's (1974) Three-Factor Internal-External Scale. Eysenck's
Personality Questionnaire was administered following subject
selection. All subjects experienced a biofeedback and a
classical conditioning session in a within-subject control
design.
Analyses indicated that classical conditioning
obtained larger blood volume (BV) vasodilation response
magnitudes than the operant procedure. External LOC
subjects tended to demonstrate superior BV vasodilation in
both conditioning operations. Interactional results
were not significant although group means were consistent
with the hypothesized directions. In response size order,
the largest BV vasodilation magnitude was exhibited by the
external-classical group, followed by internal-classical,
external-operant, and internal-operant.
No correlation was observed between extraversion-introversion
and vasodilation performance.
Transfer trials replicated the trends evident in the
experimental period, albeit with diminished response
magnitude. Post-experimental questionnaire data
supported experimental results: both groups considered
classical conditioning was more helpful for increasing
hand warmth, although most subjects preferred the
biofeedback procedure. It was concluded that clinicians
should seriously consider employing respondent
technology in conditioning treatments of peripheral
vascular disorders. Future research implications
along these lines were proposed.

Item Type: Thesis (Research Master)
Keywords: Conditioned response, Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning, Biofeedback training, Vasomotor conditioning
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 1982 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Bibliography: leaves 185-208. Includes: Multidimensional internal-external locus of control : preliminary Australian data / S. Dragutinovich and G.V. Wilson. Thesis (M.Psych.)--University of Tasmania

Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2014 23:58
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2016 05:56
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