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Scholia Bernensia : an edition of the scholia on the Eclogues of Virgil in Bern Burgerbibliothek manuscript 172


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Daintree, David Charles Campbell 1993 , 'Scholia Bernensia : an edition of the scholia on the Eclogues of Virgil in Bern Burgerbibliothek manuscript 172', PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

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The central feature of this dissertation is an
edition of the marginal notes, or glosses, on the
Eclogues of Virgil, to be found in Bern Stadtbibliothek
MS 172, a ninth-century manuscript written in carolingian
minuscules and known as the 'floriacensis' after its
place of origin, the monastery of Fleury.
Together with a clearly related set of glosses in
MSS 165 and 167 of the same Library, these commentaries
have long borne the collective name Scholia Bernensia.
Central to my thesis is the proposition that
commentaries were not copied and transmitted with the
same type of 'reverence' that was accorded to classical
literary works, but that they were constantly subjected
to modification, deletion and interpolation at the
discretion of the scholar or scribe who copied them, in
accordance with the perceived needs of those for whom
they were intended.
It follows, then, that the established methods of
textual criticism, by which an ancient and original
literary work is restored or established from the extant

manuscripts, cannot be employed in the handling of
commentaries and glosses, for no single antique original
may ever have existed. To put it another way, each
commentary may indeed be derived largely from original
sources, and they may well be legion, but it is itself a
new and unique composition assembled from a diversity of
sources of varying age and value, at the compiler's

It further follows from all that has been said above
that the final printed edition of a commentary ought to
reflect something of the character of the manuscript (or
family of manuscripts) from which it is derived, that the
often composite nature of the manuscript version ought
not to be obscured, and that the modern editor ought to
resist the temptation to fabricate a coherent and
integrated commentary by padding it out with borrowings
from such as Servius, whenever echoes of the older and
respected commentator fall upon the ear. The modern
edition should, then, be closer in character to a
diplomatic version, for the precise nature of the text as
transmitted through the ages is of very much more importance
to the modern student of commentaries than to the
scholar whose primary interest lies in the classics themselves;
to the latter the actual process of transmission
will only ever be incidental.

This dissertation will also assess the evidence for
an Irish 'interlude' in the tradition of the Scholia
Bernensia and related commentaries, and in particular for
the now well-established proposition that an immediate
precursor of our commentary was one compiled by Adamnan,
Abbot of Iona (ob. 704), incorporating a body of material
which he in turn derived from Filargirius (or
Philargyrius), an otherwise unknown pagan commentator of
the putative Milan school.

Item Type: Thesis - PhD
Authors/Creators:Daintree, David Charles Campbell
Keywords: Virgil, Burgerbibliothek Bern. Manuscript. 172
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 1993 the Author. The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Includes bibliographical references (leaves 300-314). Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Tasmania, 1994

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