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Gender identity in the homosexual male : identifying and testing two theories of object relations within the personality


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Franklin, Kevin 1988 , 'Gender identity in the homosexual male : identifying and testing two theories of object relations within the personality', PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Male homosexuality can be understood as an expression of the
gender of the self. Three aspects of the self are proposed in a
hypothetical model of the homosexual male and compared to the
heterosexual male and female. One aspect is subjectivity and
this study hypothesizes that the subjective experience of the
gender of the self is associated with homosexuality and
heterosexuality. The remaining two aspects are both
objectivities. It is hypothesized that sexual preference is the
objective expression of the gender of the subjective self. It is
hypothesized that sexual preference is not related to biological sex (sexual identity).
The two objective attitudes are defined as the extremities of
a continuum of spontaneity: from involved objectivity to
detached objectivity. This difference in spontaneity within a
homosexual group describes the differential development of
homosexual identification: from a developed homosexual role to
an under-developed or absent homosexual role. The absence or
development of the homosexual role are differences in
spontaneity and these differences are associated with measures
of psycho- and socio-pathology.
Traditionally, homosexuality has been understood to be an
outcome of a different sexuality. This study shows that

sexuality is not related to homosexuality as a subjective
expression of self. Sexual preference is, however, the objective
expression of that subjectivity.
Sex and gender are confounded in the literature. The
confusion of the sex and gender literature, and the perplexity
of the homosexuality literature, is partially resolved by the
separation of two distinct but inter-related frames
reference. These are the sociological and the psychological
frames of reference.
The results strongly support the conclusion that
homosexuality is related to the subjective experience of the
self and that homosexuality is an objective expression of that
subjectivity as a sexual preference. Homosexuality is not
synonymous with sexual preference or homosexual role, it also
includes the psychological precursor of the subjective
experience of gender, that is, gender identity.
There is empirical support for a proposed persons-grammar
theory of personality that uses a psychological frame of
reference. Overall the results support this theoretical
development and models of homosexuality, anxiety, and psychosis
utilizing this theoretical framework.

Item Type: Thesis - PhD
Authors/Creators:Franklin, Kevin
Keywords: Male homosexuality, Gays, Sex role
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 1988 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Tasmania, 1990

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