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A review of the treatment components and effectiveness of EMDR in PTSD

Fraser, Jilli Maree 1998 , 'A review of the treatment components and effectiveness of EMDR in PTSD', Coursework Master thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is treated psychologically with
exposure and cognitive restructuring techniques. Shapiro's (1995) Eye Movement
Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) treatment for PTSD involves imaginal
exposure, cognitive restructuring, and rapid eye movements (EMs). EMDR has
been presented as an advance in the treatment of PTSD, based on the theory that
rapid EMs facilitate the accelerated processing of trauma-related information, via
the activation of physiological mechanisms which stimulate retrieval of positive
memories and emotions (Shapiro, 1995). It is suggested in this literature review
that Shapiro's EMs theories are unsound, and that claims that EMDR is superior
to traditional PTSD treatments are premature, but it is proposed that EMDR may
have therapeutic benefits in treating PTSD. It is suggested that the exposure and
cognitive restructuring components of EMDR may be more critical than the EMs
in reducing PTSD symptoms. However, the EMs may facilitate client acceptance
of these components by distracting clients from their anxiety and reducing the
intensity of imaginal exposure. Alternative theories of the role of eye movements
in EMDR need to be investigated in future research.

Item Type: Thesis - Coursework Master
Authors/Creators:Fraser, Jilli Maree
Keywords: Post-traumatic stress disorder
Copyright Holders: The Author
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Copyright 1998 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
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Additional Information:

Spine title: The effect of rapid eye movements on imaging in EMDR and treatment of PTSD. Thesis (M.Psych.)--University of Tasmania, 1999. Includes bibliographical references

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