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Resilience and psychological health : the role of procrastination


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Freestun, Janet 2004 , 'Resilience and psychological health : the role of procrastination', Research Master thesis, University of Tasmania.

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LITERATURE REVIEW This review explores the literature on resilience and the known relationships
between resilience and health. The influence of the resilience mechanisms of
explanatory style, coping style and cognitive hardiness in prediction of stress and
psychological health are examined. Consideration is also given to the interaction of
these resilience mechanisms with each other. The importance of successful
negotiation of adversity in the development of resilient personalities is emphasised in
the literature. It is argued that procrastination is an important element to consider in
discussions of resilience, given that it is closely associated with avoidance of, or
delay in, dealing with such adversity. Literature reporting the role of procrastination
in relation to the above resilience mechanisms is then examined. Recent research
suggesting a mediating role for stress in the relationship between procrastination and
health is discussed, in relation to interactions between procrastination and resilience /
vulnerability factors. Finally, directions for future research are considered.
EMPIRICAL REPORT Pathways of relationships between resilience, procrastination and health were
considered. 181 psychology students completed the Life Orientation Test — Revised,
the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations and the Cognitive Hardiness Scale as
well as the General Procrastination Scale, Adult Inventory of Procrastination and the
Procrastination Assessment Scale for Students. Psychological health was measured
using the Perceived Stress Scale and General Health Questionnaire. Factor analysis
of coping style, explanatory style, cognitive hardiness and procrastination variables
yielded five distinct factors, Academic Procrastination, Avoidance, Emotion
Orientation, General Procrastination and Task Orientation. Direct and indirect
effects of these factors on psychological distress were found on all but the Avoidance
factor. Indirect effects were mediated by perceived stress. The Emotion Orientation
factor was seen to produce the strongest effect on both perceived stress and
psychological distress. Perceived stress was found to mediate the relationship
between procrastination and psychological distress, which supports the findings of
Sirois, Melia-Gordon and Pychyl (2003). In addition, a small but significant positive
effect of general procrastination on psychological distress was found. Possible
explanations for this are discussed. Differences emerged in the effects of positive and negative items on the Cognitive Hardiness Scale, adding to previous suggestions
that the two tap different constructs.

Item Type: Thesis - Research Master
Authors/Creators:Freestun, Janet
Keywords: Procrastination, Resilience (Personality trait)
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2004 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Thesis (M.Psych.)--University of Tasmania, 2004. Includes bibliographical references

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