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The role of state and non-state actors in the management of the Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides)


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Fallon, Liza Danielle 2007 , 'The role of state and non-state actors in the management of the Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides)', PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

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The deep-sea Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides) fishery rapidly expanded in
the 1990s across the Southern Ocean. This species is now heavily exploited in some
regions, and commercial extinction of some stock under the highest pressure has already
occurred. Much of the pressure on this stock derives from illegal, unreported and
unregulated (IUU) fishing, which also profoundly undermines fisheries management by
coastal States and the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living
Resources (CCAMLR). It also brings into question the capacity of international actornetworks
to manage the stocks in a sustainable manner and discipline dissident actornetworks
that target the resource.
Issues of international geopolitics, global governance, power and hegemonies, ecosystem
fisheries management and nature conservation are investigated. This is because they are
increasingly important to the current attempts by CCAMLR members, national
governments, scientists, licensed fishers, non-governmental organisations (NG0s) and the
general public to manage Patagonian toothfish stocks, grapple with IUU fishing and
conserve this important but poorly understood fishery. I use a qualitative approach in which
I draw upon insights from actor-network theory (ANT) to illustrate descriptively how
human, nonhuman and inhuman actors exert power and influence each another in a
complex, heterogeneous and dynamic actor-network. To help construct the Patagonian
Toothfish Network, I refer to documentary research, and 70 in-depth, semi-structured key
informant interviews and participant observations at Australian and CCAMLR fisheries
management fora that were undertaken between 2002 and 2006.
I found that IUU fishers threaten the stability of the Patagonian Toothfish Network when
they act in a dissident manner and continue to target the stocks in contravention to legal and
moral norms. State actors seeking to manage and conserve the fishery and stop IUU fishing
activities exert power from a distance using cooperative and putative measures. They aim to
encourage [VU fishers and their associates to modify their behaviour by acting on their own
conduct and complying with normative beliefs, institutional principles, policies and
practises. In addition, non-state actors have arguably played a very constructive role in
broadening effective action to stop [VU fishing. However, they have not solved the problem
in their own right and it is through the combined actions of CCAMLR and its members,
concerned fishing States, and licensed fishers, together with the associations they have
formed, that have led to developing new ways to manage and conserve the fishery. Whether
the focus is on managing and conserving the Patagonian toothfish fishery, other global
fisheries or the global ecosystem, this investigation reveals that the key to sustainability
appears to rest with building a more inclusive actor-network. In such an actor-network,
individuals are connected with one another and encouraged to monitor their own behaviour
and risks to cooperatively share resources for the collective good.

Item Type: Thesis - PhD
Authors/Creators:Fallon, Liza Danielle
Keywords: Patagonian toothfish fisheries, Patagonian toothfish industry, Fishery management
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No access or viewing until 30 June 2009. Thesis (PhD)--University of Tasmania, 2007. Includes bibliographical references

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