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Factors underlying gaming machine play


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Dimsey, AT (2007) Factors underlying gaming machine play. PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Gambling addiction has often been associated with fast cycle games such as
gaming machines rather than slow cycle games like lotteries. Unlike other forms of
gambling, gaming machines allow almost continuous play, and therefore the factors
that underlie problem gambling associated with gaming machines may differ from
other forms. This thesis examines differences between problem gamblers and
regular gamblers whose predominant form of gambling is gaming machines, as well
as a matched control sample of non-gamblers. This study had two main aims; to
identify motivational and personality constructs useful in understanding the
development and maintenance of problem gambling, and to explore different
dimensions of gamblers.
A package of questionnaires, including the South Oaks Gambling Screen
(SOGS), was completed by 141 volunteers recruited from gambling treatment
agencies and the general community. Three groups were formed (problem, regular
and non-gamblers) on the basis of SOGS score, in conjunction with self-report
measures of gambling behaviour.
In line with the first aim the first part of this study explored the differences
between regular, problem and non-gambling groups from a reversal theory
perspective and also to examine differences between these groups on personality
variables previously associated with problem gambling. Analysis was conducted
using results from the Telic Dominance Scale, Motivational Style Profile,
Zuckerman Kohlman Personality Questionnaire and the I7 (impulsivity questionnaire). It was hypothesized that problem and regular gambling groups
would be more paratelic dominant than non-gamblers and that problem gamblers
would be more mastery oriented, negativistic and pessimistic than regular or non-gamblers.
In line with these hypotheses it was found that regular gamblers scored more highly on playfulness than problem and non-gamblers; however, neither
gambling group was found to be more paratelic dominant than the non-gambling
group. As hypothesized, problem gamblers were higher on pessimism than the other
two groups. Problem and regular gamblers were found to score more highly on
impulsiveness and aggression/hostility than non-gamblers. Problem gamblers also
scored more highly on neuroticism/anxiety than regular gamblers, who also scored
more highly than non-gamblers on this measure.
In order to explore the second aim of the study, exploratory factor analyses
were performed to examine the presence of different dimensions of gamblers. Data
from the regular and problem gambling groups was analysed. A three-factor solution
was found to provide the best fit for the data and supported Blaszczynksi and
Nower's (2002) proposed pathways model for problem gambling. The first factor
had characteristics that correspond well with the impulsive type subgroup or
biological correlates group described by Blaszczynski and Nower, with individuals
in this group displaying higher levels of impulsivity and sensation seeking. The
second factor corresponded most closely to Blaszczynski and Nower's normal
problem gambling subgroup, made up of individuals who gamble but show little
psychopathology. The third factor corresponded to the emotional subgroup, with
higher levels of negative mood states such as pessimism and anxiety present, as well
as impulsivity but not sensation seeking or venturesomeness. These results are
discussed in terms of reversal theory constructs and implications for treatment of
gambling addiction.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Compulsive gamblers, Compulsive gambling, Gambling, Gamblers, Addicts, Compulsive behavior
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2007 the Author.

Additional Information:

No access or viewing until 31 October 2009. Thesis (DPsych(Clin))--University of Tasmania, 2007. Includes bibliographical references

Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2014 00:12
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2017 06:08
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