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The locational structure of groceries retailing in Hobart and the study of retail location.

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Doddridge, Patricia (1969) The locational structure of groceries retailing in Hobart and the study of retail location. PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

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[img] PDF (Whole thesis)
whole_Doddridge...pdf | Request a copy
Full text restricted
Available under University of Tasmania Standard License.

[img] PDF (Whole thesis)
whole_Doddridge...pdf | Request a copy
Full text restricted
Available under University of Tasmania Standard License.

Abstract

Since World War Two, a feature of the economic growth
of advanced Western nations has been the rapidly-increasing
importance of the tertiary sector, which includes retailing. In
Australia, for example, the percentage of the national workforce
employed in the supply of tertiary goods and services has risen
from 54.8 to 60.1; the percentage of G.N.P. contributed by the
tertiary sector has risen from 45.9 to 53.2. In Australia too, the
greatest contribution to the growth of the tertiary sector was made
by retailing, which between 1954 and 1961 contributed 19% of the
increase in employment in the 27 tertiary industries. The Vernon
Committee of Economic Enquiry attributes these trends not primarily
to rapid increases in population and personal disposable incomes,
but to the increasing demands for a complex superstructure of
tertiary goods and services which arise with the continued growth
of an already highly-developed economy.

The supply of tertiary goods and services has been
increasingly concentrated in major metropolitan areas. In Australia,
this has occurred at an even faster rate than that of the centralisation
of the nation' s population in the state capitals. It has resulted in
a noticable increase in the demand for urban land especially for
transportation and retail and office uses, in competition with the
demands for land for residential, manufacturing and other uses. In
particular, over the last ten to fifteen years, the proliferation of
large planned and unplanned shopping and office centres, and of
large-scale retail establishments and multi-establishment retail firms,
has been on of the most spectacular developments in Western
economies.

The 'correct' selection, prediction and control of the
locations of retail establishments - and particularly of the locations
of retail establishments within metropolitan areas - have accordingly
become important questions. For the executives of retail firms,
location decisions seem to have become as important as decisions
about price ,service, product variety and advertising in determining
the success of the firm in cutthroat competition with others in rapidly
growing markets. For authorities in the public sector, questions concerning the quantity and position of land to be allocated to
different sizes and types of shopping centre, in preference to
alternative uses, raise significant social welfare problems. Not
only do these problems include, for example, the obvious general
one of weighing the relative social costs and benefits of having
larger, more centralised, as against smaller, more dispersed retail
establishments. They also include such particular problems as
the effects on the prices of goods sold and on the ranges of goods
available for consumer choice of planned retail developments of
different size and location.

One key to the selection, prediction and control of the
locations of retail establishments seems to be in the development
of a theory of retail location which will help identify all the
important variables which affect the profitability of retail outlets
in different locations, and the precise ways in which these variables
operate. This thesis is designed as a contribution to the development
of such a theory. In Chapter one, the deficiencies of existing
theories were mentioned, and two new hypotheses are framed to
account for the locations of retail establishments. In the remainder
of the thesis, the hypotheses are tested using data for the sample of
retail establishments comprising the Hobart groceries trade in 1964.
The framing and testing of the two hypotheses are designed to pave
the way towards the improved explanation, prediction and control of
the locations of retail establishments.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Grocery trade, Store location
Copyright Holders: The Author
Additional Information:

Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of Tasmania, 1969. References and bibliography: v. 2 l. 291-317

Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2014 00:15
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2016 05:56
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