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Adolescent knowledge of skin cancer and melanoma and reported solar protection behaviour


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McColl, Margaret 1994 , 'Adolescent knowledge of skin cancer and melanoma and reported solar protection behaviour', Unspecified thesis, University of Tasmania.

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This study of adolescent knowledge of skin cancer and melanoma and
reported solar protection behaviour was administered by means of a
survey questionnaire. The sample population consisted of a group of
50 Year 9 High School students, 25 of whom were male and 25 female,
and 50 Year 12 students, 25 male and 25 female, a total of 100
students. This randomly selected purposive sample was drawn from a
Hobart Matriculation College and one of its feeder High Schools, in an
attempt to ensure that the students came from the same socioeconomic
background. The questionnaire, administered to both
educational establishments on the same day, provided data which was
entered into the Apple Macintosh Computer and analyzed using the
statistical programme, Stat View.
This study is unique in its attempt to organise a currunulative index of
an individual's risk potential for developing skin cancer and
melanoma ( based on medical research findings), then organising each
adolescent into 'high', 'medium'. or low' risk categories and relating
these to adolescent knowledge and solar protection behaviour. It was expected that those students in the highest risk category of
potential of developing solar damage would take greater care to protect
themselves from the sun, and would have greater knowledge of the
subject. It was expected, that as well as having a greater knowledge
level, the older Year 12 students would also have improved
behavioural practices. It was surmised that with the reasonably regular media coverage of
solar protection practices that overall the knowledge level of skin
cancer and melanoma would be reasonable. There was no reason to
believe that there would be a gender difference in knowledge level or
behavioural practices.
Findings showed that those in the highest risk category of potential for
developing skin cancer and melanoma did not have greater knowledge
or improved behavioural practices. Although the knowledge level of
Year 12 students was greater than that of Year 9 students, it was not
reflected in improved behavioural practices. There was a gender
difference in knowledge of skin cancer - females having a greater
knowledge as risk potential increased while males had less knowledge
of skin cancer as their risk potential increased. Findings are discussed
within the context of the development of health belief models, and
discussed in the literature review.

Item Type: Thesis - Unspecified
Authors/Creators:McColl, Margaret
Keywords: Skin, Youth
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 1994 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Includes bibliographical references (leaves 103-114). Thesis (M.Ed.Stud.)--University of Tasmania, 1995

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