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Inferential reasoning and the influence of cognitive conflict


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Watson, JM 2002 , 'Inferential reasoning and the influence of cognitive conflict' , Educational Studies in Mathematics, vol. 51, no. 3 , pp. 225-256 , doi: 10.1023/A:1023622017006.

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This study follows two earlier studies of school students’ abilities to draw
inferences when comparing two data sets presented in graphical form (Watson and Moritz,
1999; Watson, 2001). Using the same interview protocol with a new sample of 60 students,
20 from each of grades 3, 6 and 9, cognitive conflict was introduced in the form of video
clips of reasoning expressed by students in the earlier studies. This methodology was
intended to mimic the type of argumentation that might take place in the classroom but
in a controlled setting where identical arguments could be presented to different students.
Interviews were videotaped and analysed in a similar fashion to the earlier studies in order
to document change associated with the presentation of cognitive conflict. Change was
documented with respect to the levels of observed response for two parts of the protocol
and for the use of displayed variation in the graphs. Implications of the methodology for
future research and teaching are discussed

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Watson, JM
Journal or Publication Title: Educational Studies in Mathematics
ISSN: 0013-1954
DOI / ID Number: 10.1023/A:1023622017006
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