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Institutions, interest groups and marine resources policy : the development of fisheries--oil and gas policy in Bass Strait

Haward, M 1986 , 'Institutions, interest groups and marine resources policy : the development of fisheries--oil and gas policy in Bass Strait', Unspecified thesis, University of Tasmania.

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This study examines the development of marine resource policy
highlighting the interaction between resource management institutions
and resource user interest groups, and the effect of this interaction on
both the policy process and policy output concerned with fisheries and
offshore oil and gas policy in Bass Strait. It is argued that this
interaction, and policy development, can best be explained as ocurring
within issue communities composed of a range of policy actors (the
institutions and interest groups) concerned with specific aspects of
fisheries and/or offshore hydrocarbons policy.
It is claimed that this interaction between actors cannot be
adequately treated using the existing institutionalised structures
concerned with the formulation of fisheries and/or oil and gas policy,
and that such interaction within an issue community is likely to result
in the emergence of specific accomodating institutions- in the policy
environment. This proposition is developed through the examination of
two case studies dealing with policies developed in the period 1983-85,
first, the introduction of a management regime for the Bass Strait
scallop fishery, and second, the introduction of a resource rent tax and
cash bidding policies in the offshore petroleum sector.
The thesis examines specific issues from Australia's emergent
marine policy agenda, which although increasing in significance, given
both international and domestic political developments in the period
1965-1985, has tended to be ignored by most commentators on Australian
public policy. The impact of international developments such as the
United Nations Third Conference on the Law of the Sea, (UNCLOS III), in
providing extended (200 mile) jurisdiction over marine areas for coastal
states, has increased the visibility of issues concerned with marine
resources policy. This impetus from UNCLOS HI has coincided with
domestic issues which provide the background of this thesis, the
developments associated with what is termed the evolution of Australian
offshore federalism. The impact of inter-governmental relations between
the Commonwealth and States on fisheries and offshore oil and gas
policy, provides the policy environment within which the interaction
between various institutions and interest groups takes place.

Item Type: Thesis - Unspecified
Authors/Creators:Haward, M
Keywords: Marine resources, Pressure groups, Scallop fisheries, Petroleum in submerged lands, Natural gas in submerged lands
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 1986 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Thesis (M.A.)--University of Tasmania, 1988. Three illustrations on folded leaves. Bibliography: leaves [324]-348

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