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The effect of social skills training on social isolation and achievement in children


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Hyslop, Elizabeth 1987 , 'The effect of social skills training on social isolation and achievement in children', Coursework Master thesis, University of Tasmania.

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A number of studies have examined the link between
social isolation and underachievement in children.
In the present study, after a preliminary check had
consolidated the link between the two variables, three main groups
were formed from children who scored in the lowest one-third in
their class, on a Social Acceptance Sociometric Scale. Thirty-six
poorly accepted children were assigned to Social Skills Training
Group A, Placebo Attention Group B, and a Waiting List Control
Group C. A number of variables such as class, grade, sex, reading
achievement and social acceptance. were balanced when forming the
Each child was individually tested, pre-and post-treatment;
in Reading Accuracy and Reading Comprehension, and all thirty-six
children were post-tested on the same sociometric scale.
It was hypothesised that Treatment Group A would
significantly improve in their Social Acceptance by peers, in
Reading Accuracy and Comprehension, when compared to the two
control groups. Eight ninety-minute Social Skills Training/Attention Placebo
sessions were conducted over a four-week period, for Groups A and B .
respectively. Post-tests took place two weeks later.
Using Planned Comparisons the mean Gain Scores of all
groups were analysed. Results indicated that Group A improved significantly
when compared to Group C on the Social Acceptance variable, but
just failed to reach significance when compared to Group B. It
should be noted that the pre-test mean of Social Acceptance scores
for Group A was considerably higher than for other groups as this
variable was the least well matched among the groups. Therefore
there must be some degree of caution in interpreting the results.
In Reading Accuracy, Group A improved significantly
when compared to both Groups B and C, although Group B showed
In Reading Comprehension Group A improved significantly
when compared to the top Group C but did not differ markedly
from the results of Group B. This unclear result is discussed.
It is suggested that Social Skills Training for primary
school social isolates can lead to an improvement in both peer
acceptance and achievement. Educational implications are discussed.
Finally further research directions are proposed.

Item Type: Thesis - Coursework Master
Authors/Creators:Hyslop, Elizabeth
Keywords: Social skills in children, Social interaction in children, Underachievers, Social isolation
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 1987 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Thesis (M. Psych.)--University of Tasmania, 1988. Bibliography: p. 77-88

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