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Australian marine protected area policy : towards a national system of marine biosphere reserves

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Kriwoken, Lorne K.(Lorne Keith) (1989) Australian marine protected area policy : towards a national system of marine biosphere reserves. PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Abstract

International support for national systems of representative marine
protected areas have been set in place by the World Conservation
Strategy (WCS) and the National Conservation Strategy of Australia
(NCSA). Australia has adopted the International Union for
Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) objectives for
marine protected areas through the Commonwealth and State
intergovernmental Council of Nature Conservation Ministers
(CONCOM). The thesis examines international marine protected area
developments and then proceeds to an assessment of existing
Commonwealth and State legislative and institutional arrangements
for Australian marine protected areas. It argues that existing
Commonwealth and State legislative and institutional arrangements
for marine protected areas are incapable of meeting WCS/NCSA
objectives.
The thesis examines how the inherent difficulties of Australian
federalism in relation to offshore jurisdictional disputes have
influenced marine protected area legislation and have shaped
institutional arrangements for meeting these international objectives.
An open system of conservation is distinguished from a closed
system of conservation by the way it explicitly recognizes that outside
activities may compromise the ecological integrity of the marine
protected area. Australia's Great Barrier Reef Marine Park in
Queensland is taken as a case study to illustrate the evolution of
Commonwealth and State intergovernmental legislative and institutional arrangements, and as a potential model for an open
system of conservation meeting WCS/NCSA objectives for marine
protected areas.
Three options are canvassed for the future operation of an Australian
marine protected area system: (1) the status quo; (2) incremental
change of existing Commonwealth and State legislative and
institutional arrangments; and (3) the introduction of cooperative
Commonwealth and State legislative and institutional arrangements in
accordance with the United Nations Environment, Scientific, and
Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) Man and The Biosphere (MAB)
biosphere reserve programs. Cooperative intergovernmental
Commonwealth and State legislative and institutional reform, based
on the ecological principles of protected area planning and
management of MAB, is advocated as an appropriate framework for a
representative Australian system of marine protected areas. A
legislative and institutional framework supporting an Australian
marine biosphere reserve system is outlined and implications
discussed, as are constraints in realizing such a system.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Marine parks and reserves, Marine resources conservation, Marine resources conservation
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 1989 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Tasmania, 1992. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 270-317)

Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2014 02:33
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2016 05:55
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