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NGO involvement in nature conservation in Australia and Japan : a preliminary study of the differences

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Matsushita, Sanae (1996) NGO involvement in nature conservation in Australia and Japan : a preliminary study of the differences. Coursework Master thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Abstract

In the past few decades, environmental awareness has significantly
increased in many parts of the world. In Australia, nature conservation
interest groups have been central in raising this awareness, particularly
non-governmental organisations (NG0s). NG0si have performed an
important role throughout the history of the Australian nature
conservation movement. They have attained considerable social status
and political influence. On the other hand, Japanese conservation
awareness appears to be generally lower than in Australia. Although
many NGOs are enthusiastically working on conservation issues, their
status is not as high as their Australian counterparts.
This thesis examines the features and importance of NGOs working in
the conservation of the natural environment in Australia and Japan. It is
a preliminary study, in the sense that it aims to establish whether there
are differences between NGOs in the two countries, and to indicate some
of the characteristics of such differences. Since Australia and Japan are
different historically, culturally, and socially, a broad perspective is
needed to gain a comprehensive understanding of nature conservation
and NGOs involved in each country. From the relevant literature, the
thesis provides a historical perspective as well as investigating some
important socio-cultural aspects. In addition, interviews with representatives from selected NGOs at
different scales (international, Federal/National, State/Prefectural, and
local) in each country were undertaken to examine their current
involvement with nature conservation and their relationships with the
rest of the community. The interviews are used to define some of the
differences, and also to review and supplement the literature findings.
The sample of NGOs was small and the information sought was mostly
qualitative. Thus, the results cannot claim to represent NGOs in general,
but are useful explanations of NGO characters and operations which can
suggest further areas of research.
The thesis points to several significant differences between Australian
and Japanese conservation NG0s. For example, Australian NGOs are far
more involved in Federal and State politics, in contrast to the distancing
of Japanese NGOs from national political structures. Generally, public
support for NGOs appeared to be the key factor generating the observed differences. Chronological, historical, and social factors are suggested as
possible influences fashioning public attitudes to both nature
conservation and conservation NG0s.

Item Type: Thesis (Coursework Master)
Keywords: Nature conservation, Nature conservation
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 1996 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Includes bibliographical references. Thesis (M.Env.St.)--University of Tasmania, 1996

Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2014 02:35
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2017 04:26
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