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A study on the clinical significance and sources of Escherichia coli in Tasmania


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Manandhar, Renu 1996 , 'A study on the clinical significance and sources of Escherichia coli in Tasmania', Unspecified thesis, University of Tasmania.

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A review of the incidence of diarrhea in developing and developed countries
was made giving an overview of the causal agents of diarrhoea in these regions and
comparing aetiological agents and possibilities for transmission in these regions and in
Tasmania. A wide range of diarrhoeal agents have been reported from developing
countries, whereas in developed countries fewer diarrhoeal agents have been reported.
Although diarrhoeal illness is a relatively minor problem in developed countries,
diarrhoea is still common and a major problem in many developing countries. One of
the common causal agents in the developed world are the aetiological agents of
Travellers' Diarrhoea. ieenterotoxigenic Escherichiacoli (ETEC). enteroaggregative E.
coil (EAggEC) and the causal agent of Haemorrhagic Colitis (HC) and Haemolytic
Uraemic Syndrome (HUS), enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC/VTEC). Due to
technical reasons and the inconvenience of high costs, routine tests for these pathotypes of E.
coil are not conducted and hence the situation arises whereby screening for the most
important bacterial agents of diarrhoea in the developed countries is often not performed.
E. coil pathotypes are found to be most commonly associated with water and food.
ETEC and VTEC being commonly reported. Other important agents for diarrhoea
include Clostridium difficile from cases of antibiotic associated diarrhoea and Yersiniu
eruerocolitica. In Tasmania, invasive E. coil has been suggested as a possible cause of
diarrhoeal infection. From the results it appears that VTEC is the commonest pathotype of E. coli in

Item Type: Thesis - Unspecified
Authors/Creators:Manandhar, Renu
Keywords: Diarrhea, Escherichia coli infections
Copyright Holders: The Author
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Copyright 1996 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
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Additional Information:

Includes notes in pocket. Thesis (M.Med.Sc.)--University of Tasmania, 1997. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 174-201)

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