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The influence of age, sex and coeducation on gender cleavage and friendship quality during childhood and adolescence


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Leeson, S 2001 , 'The influence of age, sex and coeducation on gender cleavage and friendship quality during childhood and adolescence', Coursework Master thesis, University of Tasmania.

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The review aims to outline the theoretical background, methodological issues
and the grade-related and sex differences in two main research areas of children's
friendship, namely friendship choice and friendship quality. Gender cleavage is the
propensity of children to choose, and rate more positively friends of the same-gender.
Theoretical accounts of the establishment and maintenance of gender cleavage have
focused largely on individual-level factors as the driving force behind this
phenomenon and to a lesser extent, group processes. This review argues that, at a
broader level, it is possible that environmental factors such as the gender composition
of the school might influence gender cleavage. Friendship quality research
investigates the thoughts, feelings and concepts children and adolescents have about
their friends. Research within this area has concentrated on same-gender friendships
and little research has been carried out in relation to children's and adolescent's
perceptions of their opposite-gender peers compared to their same-gender peers.
Friendship qualities in opposite-gender peers have also not been widely or
systematically examined across sex or age. As in the gender cleavage research it is
important to investigate how ideas of friendship quality may be related to oppositegender
and same-gender friendship choices in gendered school environments. The
review concludes that the two major areas of friendship research namely friendship
choice and quality have developed separately and that there may be important
connections between children's expectations and their actual friendship choices.

Item Type: Thesis - Coursework Master
Authors/Creators:Leeson, S
Keywords: Interpersonal relations in adolescence, Friendship in adolescence, Friendship in children, Peer pressure in children, Sex role in children, Interpersonal relations in children, Children
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2001 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Thesis (M.Psych.)--University of Tasmania, 2001. Includes bibliographical references

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