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James Rule : a pioneer in Tasmanian education


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Hudson, KL 1970 , 'James Rule : a pioneer in Tasmanian education', Unspecified thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Because Rule died on the day that the Duke of York reached
Melbourne, newspapers of the day did not give proper recognition
to a man who had served Tasmania well, both as a teacher and an
administrator. Very soon after, when Neale became Director, the
Tasmanian Education Department was to undergo turmoil. Writings
on this early period of Tasmania's educational history have
concentrated on Neale's Directorate to the extent that Rule has
been largely ignored. This thesis is an attempt to right this
Rule was a product of his times, being largely influenced by
his early upbringing, but because of his compassion, his high
intellect, and his ability to communicate with people from all
walks of life he was able to build on this to the extent that
the Tasmanian Education Department did not become as impersonal
and bureaucratic as those on the mainland. Of course the
relatively small size of Tasmania was a contributing factor to
this. I have attempted to show how the influences of his
birthplace, his family, his wife, his early education, and his
grounding in the trade of slating, all played their part in the
making of the man. Following a brief summary of the history of Tasmanian
education up to the 1860's, which I have included in order to
set the scene, I describe the workings of the education system
of the 1860's and 1870's with particular reference to Battery
Point School, where Rule was a successful schoolmaster. It was
here that he formed his ideas on compulsary, free and secular
education. Here he also gained experience of the problems of a
schoolmaster - staffing, salaries, teacher training, secondary
education and local boards.
From his appointment as an Inspector in 1876 Rule became an
administrator, first under the Board of Education and then, from
1885, under the new Department of Education. I have included
information about the duties of Inspectors and the problems they
encountered when carrying them out. Due emphasis is given to the
searching enquiry made by the 1883 Royal Commission and the type
of Education Department that resulted from it, with particular
reference to the failure of the Local Boards, which Rule regretted. During his period as Director Rule was restricted in his
desire to make major improvements because of the economic
depression, but I attempt to show how he exerted a positive
influence in educational developments. I see Stephen's period
as Director as a settling down periodlwith Rule's time one of
consolidation and modification.
In conclusion, I have shown that Rule deserves to take his
place as one of the extremely successful pioneers of the
Tasmanian education system, being the first Director to work his
way up from the ranks.

Item Type: Thesis - Unspecified
Authors/Creators:Hudson, KL
Keywords: Rule, James, 1830-1901, Education, Education and state
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright [197-] the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Thesis (M.Ed.)--Tasmanian College of Advanced Education, [197-].

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