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The effects of entity and incremental views of ability and goal orientation on performance


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Muskett, S 2003 , 'The effects of entity and incremental views of ability and goal orientation on performance', Research Master thesis, University of Tasmania.

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This review assesses the implications of implicit views of ability; comparing the
belief that intelligence is a stable, unchangeable trait (an entity view) with the
belief that it is a repertoire of skills that can be expanded upon with learning and
practice (an incremental view). Links between views of ability and goal orientation
are examined, focusing on social comparison goals (where the primary aim is to
vindicate one's ability in the eyes of other people) and mastery goals (where the
primary aim is to achieve a criterion level of performance). A social.cognitive
model examining these associations is assessed and the behavioural consequences
of endorsing each of the fore~mentioned views of ability are highlighted. Links
between views of ability and confidence in ability, attributional tendencies, as well
as gender and age differences are also explored. Research suggests that people
holding an incremental view of ability are more likely to pursue mastery goals
resulting in more adaptive learning patterns, greater persistence and feeling
challenged by failure. While people holding entity views are more likely to
subscribe to social comparison goals resulting in less adaptive behaviours, such as
decreased persistence. Further research assessing the extent to which experimental
findings are generalisable to naturalistic settings is advised, as well as the role of
persistence as it relates to views of ability and goal choice.

Item Type: Thesis - Research Master
Authors/Creators:Muskett, S
Keywords: Ability, Persistence, Goal (Psychology)
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2003 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Thesis (M.Psych.)--University of Tasmania, 2003. Includes bibliographical references

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