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Transport planning trends : the Hobart experience


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Perry, N 1979 , 'Transport planning trends : the Hobart experience', Coursework Master thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Transport planning has been under criticism, and has changed in
nature and approach since the 1960's. This thesis attempts to
describe these changes and relate the Hobart experience to them.
The thesis is arranged in three chapters.
Chapter 1, the Introduction, documents the increasing recognition of
the interactions between the transport system and other elements of
the urban environment, a recognition that is reflected in the
changes in transport planning described in Chapters 2 and 3.
In Chapter 2 the view is documented that the engineering dominated
transportation study approach has recently been replaced by a more
comprehensive approach to transport planning. The demand orientation
has been (or is in the process of being) replaced by an approach that
recognises supply limitations and the environmental and social
implications of transport decisions. It is proposed that transport
planning should be concerned with environmental and social goals
rather than impacts, and four planning themes are introduced.
These are:
1. Optimum accessibility to opportunity and resources for all sections of society while
promoting a land use configuration consistent with these and other community aims.
2. A transport system that does not impinge upon the perceived positive aspects of the urban
environment and is instrumental towards
enhancing them.
3. The means for all sections of society to satisfy their transport needs whether or not
they have the use of a private motor vehicle.
4. A transport system that makes good use of existing resources and can adapt to meet
demands imposed by changing resource availabilities.
Chapter 3 is concerned with the Hobart experience, and after
reviewing the relevant publications five watersheds in the development
of transport planning in Hobart are identified:
- The Hobart Area"Transportation Study, 1964.
- The Hobart Transportation Revision, 1970.
- The Review of Northside Freeway, 1972.
- The considerations of the Traffic Management Conunittee, 1977.
- The Derwent Region Transportation Study, 1978-79.
The 1964 study was typical of the transportation study genre, and
one of the first to be conducted in Australia. The 1970 Revision
recognised the existence of associated issues: the cracks were
beginning to appear in the functional approach. The Northside
Freeway Review contained investigations of environmental and social
impacts of freeway alternatives. The organisation of low cost
changes to the transport system within the current policy framework,
termed Transportation Systems Management, was illustrated in Hobart
by the considerations and recommendations of the Traffic Management
Committee, 1977, although admittedly this was only in response
to a particular conceived problem (traffic congestion after the
reopening of·the Tasman Bridge). Since the Derwent Region Transportation
Study has not yet been completed, it is impossible
to comment on anything other than the study specification. This
indicates a complete change in approach, and the themes proposed
in Chapter 2 are shown to be represented in the Derwent Region
Transportation Study. It may well be that as it was in 1964,
in 1979 transport planning in Hobart will be at the forefront of
the development of transport planning in Australia.
Thus the material presented in Chapter 3, including evidence of
the effect of accessibility on residential development, of the
destruction of low cost housing, of the ignored implications of
generating and meeting parking demand, is an illustration that the
evolution of transport planning in Hobart has been a reflection of
the trends described in Chapter 2.
The explicit adoption of the four themes is proposed as a recognition
of the role of transport planning in environmental management.

Item Type: Thesis - Coursework Master
Authors/Creators:Perry, N
Keywords: Urban transportation
Copyright Holders: The Author
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Copyright the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We would be pleased to hear from copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Thesis (M.Env.St.)--University of Tasmania, 1979. Includes bibliographical references.

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