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Safeguarding a living heritage : a model for the architectural conservation of an historic Islamic district of Kudus, Indonesia


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Wikantari, RR 1994 , 'Safeguarding a living heritage : a model for the architectural conservation of an historic Islamic district of Kudus, Indonesia', Research Master thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Conserving places of architectural heritage value is of prime importance for Indonesia.
Multi-ethnic developing nations must retain local character while creating a national,
multi-ethnic identity. During periods of rapid socio-economic change, one
must both anticipate a dynamic development process and protect architectural heritage
places; thus, attempts to safeguard culturally-significant living structures are crucial.
The architectural conservation movement in Indonesia is still largely in its infancy; a
strategy for its development is greatly needed. This strategy should incorporate an understanding
of the scope of heritage conservation, development of an appropriate
model, and the establishment of mechanisms for implementation. Lessons learned
from the experience of other countries may constitute an invaluable resource. The
choice of an intact yet decaying historic urban structure as a case study can provide a
useful example for practical application."
This thesis attempts to develop a model for safeguarding Indonesia's architectural
heritage, with the historic Islamic district of Kudus serving as a case study. A fourstep
procedure is proposed as the model. It consists of : (1) examination of historic
context; (2) assessment of cultural significance; (3) development of conservation
policy; and (4) directions for policy implementation. This model is intended to provide
future policy directions for those involved in the urban development of Indonesia
and Kudus, including professionals, policy-makers and the inhabitants. In many respects
an academic exercise, this research establishes the need for further studies
which could only take place with greater availability of resources.
A general literature review to establish the theoretical basis of the work was carried
out in Australian libraries and through discussions with relevant experts. Field research
allowed for the examination and recording of architectural, historical, socioeconomic,
and administrative data of the historic Islamic district of Kudus. Research in
Indonesia included archival research, literature review, site and building measurements,
and photographic documentation, as well as interviews with inhabitants, relevant
professional practitioners, and local officials.
Examination of field data led to the development of an appropriate analytical method.
Application of this method established historic themes, determined statements of cultural
significance for heritage areas and structures, developed a framework for both
general and critical inventories, and established priorities for immediate protection. A
conservation policy was subsequently formulated through appropriate application of
the theoretical base to the Kudus case and review of relevant international and Indonesian
experience. This policy approach considers the district as a whole dynamic living heritage, integrates conservation issues and practice with an overall planning process, and generates community participation in a more conservation-oriented planning and design process. Primary, secondary and supporting programmes for policy implementation were identified.
This model provides a structure in which Kudus residents, urban design professionals
and government officials can develop a conservation policy for Kudus. It does not
pre-empt strategic decision-making. Rather, it can serve as a valuable tool for conservation
analysis and planning applicable to other places facing similar problems. In addition,
this study contains important historic and architectural information to add to
current knowledge of Kudus and to serve as a source of comparative study for other
historic Islamic districts of Indonesia, particularly in Java. Finally, it is hoped that this
study will contribute to the development of heritage conservation research in Indonesia

Item Type: Thesis - Research Master
Authors/Creators:Wikantari, RR
Keywords: Kudus (Indonesia), Architecture, Historic sites
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 1994 the author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Thesis (MArch)--University of Tasmania, 1995. Includes bibliographical references (p.180-198)

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