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Youth and social support : a case study of middle class Jakarta youth

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Wilson, Jane(Jane Stevens) (2001) Youth and social support : a case study of middle class Jakarta youth. PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Abstract

This research investigated the experience of middle class youth in Jakarta, Indonesia. The
thesis is divided into two studies. Study One describes the Australian trial of the research
method. Study Two contains the research outcomes on Jakarta youth. Based on an
ecological contextual perspective and grounded theory, the data was collected through
semi-structured life history interviews. In the first emic study, the researcher trialed a
series of techniques with a sample of Australian youth from two youth centers. The life
history interview, combined with the availability of the youth from youth centers, was
seen as an efficient and cost effective means of accessing a range of suitable subjects.
The researcher then adapted the method for use in the second or etic study in Jakarta with
youth from a drug dependence unit and a youth club. For study two, the interviews were
conducted in the months leading up to the Indonesian General Election in June 1999.
This second study was implemented in close consultation with Indonesian psychologists
to ensure that cross cultural and ethical issues, such as confidentiality and informed
consent, were managed appropriately. The twenty-six interviews with Moslem and
Christian youth were transcribed and translated with data coded for contextual factors,
social support and satisfaction.
Results indicate that youth valued the social support received and available from their
families with relatively fewer references to peers and siblings. With Jakarta youth,
evidence was found that the transition to autonomy was delayed into early 20s, as
compared to Westen youth, with conflict with parents continuing longer for that reason.
Youth in study two referred ambivalently to their dislike of sharp verbal reprimands and
parental pressure to attend school or university at the same time as a need for parental
discipline. Jakarta youth expressed a stronger sense of responsibility toward both parents
and family members as compared to Western youth, especially if they were the only male
child or the eldest child. This result is consistent with Indonesia's collectivistic culture
and social norm that unmarried youth live with their families. In addition, mothers
provide considerably more support than fathers, especially emotional. It was found that fathers provided more advice and tangible support and were sources of higher rates of
dissatisfying support than mothers, consistent with their more distant role in the family.
There was some evidence that dissatisfying parental support negatively buffered risky
health behavior while satisfying parental support, both perceived and available, positively
buffered youth during transition and crisis. The research showed that the lives of the
youth were affected by the Indonesian monetary and political crisis (K.rismon), both
directly and indirectly. The research approach was predominantly Western, although
adapted for use in an Asian culture, and combined theories o~ adolescent behavior and
social support. When applied to Jakarta youth, a number of new concepts and
understandings emerged. The result is a series of guiding principles that can be utilized in
the design and implementation of programs for youth in the Jakarta community.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Teenagers, Teenagers
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2001 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Tasmania, 2001. Includes bibliographical references

Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2015 23:28
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2016 05:54
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