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The open-air classroom : a preliminary study of outdoor classrooms for primary schools in Malaysia


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Yaman, Maheran 2005 , 'The open-air classroom : a preliminary study of outdoor classrooms for primary schools in Malaysia', PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

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My research is based on the hypothesis that the increased use of outdoor classrooms
in primary education in Malaysia could provide many benefits to Malaysian society.
These include environmental, social and cost benefits, additional space for students,
significant learning opportunities and improved thermal comfort in primary school
This research analyses provides qualitative and quantitative data to inform the
design of a prototypical model of structures achieving cost-effective solutions, while
providing a significant improvement in perceived human comfort within schools. It
was hypothesised that the cost-saving achieved by the use of such structures for
outdoor classrooms could be used to improve the landscaping on school sites.
The research sought to explain, from an historical perspective, how the current
situation with regard to the provision of school buildings in Malaysia has arisen and to
develop appropriate recommendations for improvements based on Malaysia's culture,
heritage and stakeholders' opinions. By means of a qualitative survey of opinions of
building professional and teachers the research sought to establish if a need exists to
improve teaching and learning spaces in Malaysian primary schools. The research
also sought to establish to what extent contemporary educational theories have
influenced Malaysian teachers' views about the educational needs of students and
how these might best be achieved in relation to teaching and learning spaces in
government funded Malaysian primary schools.
The research also aimed to ascertain the type of structures that might be suitable to
improve the existing built infrastructure in fully funded Malaysian government
primary schools. On the basis of costing studies, construction considerations,
functional requirements and suitability to the Malaysian environment, it has been
possible to develop a hypothetical model. Finally, suggestions for future research into
primary school design based on the key assessment criteria detailed in this thesis are

Item Type: Thesis - PhD
Authors/Creators:Yaman, Maheran
Keywords: Outdoor education, Classrooms, Education, Elementary school buildings
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2005 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Thesis (PhD.)--University of Tasmania, 2005. Includes bibliographical references

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