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The differential effects of three mindfulness techniques on indicators of emotional well-being and life satisfaction

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Fallon, ML (2014) The differential effects of three mindfulness techniques on indicators of emotional well-being and life satisfaction. Coursework Master thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Abstract

The efficacy of mindfulness-based therapies for treatment of a range of psychological
presentations has been demonstrated by a substantial amount of research. The present
study compared three specific mindfulness techniques: mindfulness of breath (MOB),
body scanning (BS), and everyday mindfulness (EDM). A community sample of 263
was recruited to complete an 8-week course, with participants randomly assigned to
MOB, BS, or EDM training groups of 8-10 people. Self-report measures of stress,
anxiety, depression, life satisfaction, emotional regulation, and mindfulness were
administered at baseline, after 4 weeks of training, at the completion of training, and
3 months post completion of the training. ANOV As investigating change over time
on each dependent variable as a function of training group were conducted with data
for the 100 participants who remained for the duration of the study. Regardless of
training type, between the start and finish of the 8-week course all 3 groups reported
increases in life satisfaction and emotion regulation and decreases in symptoms of
anxiety, depression, and stress. These gains were also maintained and recorded at 3
months post completion of the training. Unexpectedly, mindfulness scores were
found to decrease. Significant time-by-group interactions were found for stress and
emotion regulation only. There was a significant decrease in scores on stress between
end of training and the 3-month follow-up only for participants in the EDM group;
there was no difference in stress scores for participants in the MOB and BS groups.
Difficulties in Emotion Regulation scores significantly decreased across the same
time period for participants in the MOB and BS groups; while there was no
significant change in the EDM group. These results provide some support for the
greater efficacy of the formal meditative approaches (MOB and BS) compared to the
informal EDM approach in providing gains that are maintained post-training.

Item Type: Thesis (Coursework Master)
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2014 the Author

Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2015 01:02
Last Modified: 24 May 2016 03:10
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