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Numerical and experimental studies of the flow field in a cyclone dryer


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Bunyawanichakul, P, Kirkpatrick, MP, Sargison, JE and Walker, GJ 2006 , 'Numerical and experimental studies of the flow field in a cyclone dryer' , Journal of Fluids Engineering, vol. 128, no. 6 , pp. 1240-1250 , doi: 10.1115/1.2354523.

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The performance of a newly developed cyclone dryer is investigated using RANS-based single-phase computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and experimental model studies. The
cyclone dryer is a cylindrical tower, divided by conical orifices into several chambers; recirculation of the flow within individual chambers ensures adequate retention time for drying of the transported solid material. Numerical calculations are performed using the commercial CFD code CFX5.7 for different mesh types, turbulence models, advection schemes, and mesh resolution. Results of the simulation are compared with data from experimental model studies. The RNG k- turbulence model with hexahedral mesh gives satisfactory results. A significant improvement in CFD prediction is obtained when using a second order accurate advection scheme. Useful descriptions of the axial and tangential velocity distributions are obtained, and the pressure drop across the cyclone dryer chamber is predicted with an error of approximately 10%. The optimized numerical
model is used to predict the influence of orifice diameter and chamber height on total pressure drop coefficient.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Bunyawanichakul, P and Kirkpatrick, MP and Sargison, JE and Walker, GJ
Keywords: cyclone dryer, numerical simulation, computational fluid dynamics, experimental measurement, axial velocity distribution, tangential velocity distribution, pressure drop coefficient
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Fluids Engineering
DOI / ID Number: 10.1115/1.2354523
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