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Post-error recklessness and the hot hand

Williams, P, Heathcote, A, Nesbitt, K and Eidels, A 2016 , 'Post-error recklessness and the hot hand' , Judgment and Decision Making, vol. 11, no. 2 , pp. 174-184 .

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Although post-error slowing and the “hot hand” (streaks of good performance) are both types of sequential dependencies arising from the differential influence of success and failure, they have not previously been studied together. We bring together these two streams of research in a task where difficulty can be controlled by participants delaying their decisions, and where responses required a degree deliberation, and so are relatively slow. We compared performance of unpaid participants against paid participants who were rewarded differentially, with higher reward for better performance. In contrast to most previous results, we found no post-error slowing for paid or unpaid participants. For the unpaid group, we found post-error speedingand a hot hand, even though the hot hand is typically considered a fallacy. Our results suggest that the effect of success and failure on subsequent performance may differ substantially with task characteristics and demands. We also found payment affected post-error performance; financially rewarding successful performance led to a more cautious approach following errors, whereas unrewarded performance led to recklessness following errors.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Williams, P and Heathcote, A and Nesbitt, K and Eidels, A
Keywords: post-error slowing, hot hand, cognitive control, financial incentives
Journal or Publication Title: Judgment and Decision Making
Publisher: European Association for Decision Making
Copyright Holders: The authors
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