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The freshwater fauna of the South Polar Region: A 140-year review

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Dartnall, HJG 2017 , 'The freshwater fauna of the South Polar Region: A 140-year review' , Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, vol. 151 , pp. 19-57 , doi: 10.26749/rstpp.151.19.

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Abstract

The metazoan fauna of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic freshwaters is reviewed. Almost 400 species, notably rotifers, tardigrades and crustaceans have been identified. Sponges, molluscs, amphibians, reptiles and fishes are absent though salmonid fishes have been successfully introduced on some of the sub-Antarctic islands. Other alien introductions include insects (Chironomidae) and annelid worms (Oligochaeta). The fauna is predominately benthic in habitat and becomes increasingly depauperate at higher latitudes. Endemic species are known but only a few are widely distributed. Planktonic species are rare and only one parasitic species has been noted

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Dartnall, HJG
Keywords: freshwater, fauna, Antarctica, sub-Antarctic Islands, maritime Antarctic, continental Antarctica
Journal or Publication Title: Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania
ISSN: 0080-4703
DOI / ID Number: 10.26749/rstpp.151.19
Copyright Information:

Copyright The Royal Society of Tasmania

Collections: Royal Society Collection > Papers & Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania
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