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When timber production comes out of the woods: post‐forestry states in wood and forest socioecological systems

Warman, RD 2017 , 'When timber production comes out of the woods: post‐forestry states in wood and forest socioecological systems', PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Wood production is changing from extraction out of natural forests to cultivation
of wood that is increasingly agricultural in nature. This has significant
implications for wood/forest socio‐ecological systems. This thesis takes a
multidisciplinary approach to examine the socio‐political, biophysical and
cultural/discursive dimensions of change in these systems. A heuristically
derived model of three sequential states, or conditions, of wood/forest socioecological
systems is developed. The model challenges the historical integration
of wood production and forest management exemplified by the institutions of
‘forestry’ with their inherent wood/forest nexus. This provides a conceptual
frame to support analysis of system change and its influences. Research here
shows that global wood production from natural forests peaked in 1989, with
cultivated wood sources making up an increased portion of the world’s wood
production since. This change allows growing demand for non‐wood values
from extensive forests to be met. The institutions of stewardship forestry were
founded on normative ideals of sustainable systems in long term equilibrium.
However, these occur within rapidly evolving social contexts and changing
values. This creates considerable tension within wood/forest socio‐ecological
systems and their institutions and governance, notably, a tension between
increasingly unviable attempts at adaptation of existing systems and the
potential transformation of systems to new states. Transformation, however,
requires willingness to consider post‐forestry conditions, such as integration of
wood cultivation into landscape approaches, rather than the forest‐centric
approach of stewardship forestry, and increasing management of extensive
forests for non‐wood values in the absence of wood production.

Item Type: Thesis - PhD
Authors/Creators:Warman, RD
Keywords: forestry, socio-ecological system, change theory, forest, wood,
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Copyright 2017 the Author

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