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Hearing voices: Comparing two methods for analysis of focus group data

Greenwood, M ORCID: 0000-0001-5840-0750, Kendrick, T, Davies, H and Gill, FJ 2017 , 'Hearing voices: Comparing two methods for analysis of focus group data' , Applied Nursing Research, vol. 35 , pp. 90-93 , doi: 10.1016/j.apnr.2017.02.024.

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Aim: This paper compares two qualitative approaches used to thematically analyse data obtained from focusgroups conducted with critical care nurses from Australia.Background: Focus groups are an effective mechanism to generate understanding and gain insight into the researchparticipants' world. Traditional verbatim transcription of participants' recorded words necessitates significantinvestment of time and resources. An alternative approach under reported in the literature is to directlyanalyse the audio recordings. To identify the effectiveness of the audio recording only approach, the studyaimed to independently compare two qualitative methods of data analysis, namely the traditional transcribedmethod with the audio recording method.Methods: The study to revise the specialist critical care competency standards included focus groups conducted ineach state in Australia (n = 12) facilitated by experienced researchers. Two of the research team analysed transcribedfocus group data and two team members were blinded to the transcription process and directly analysedaudio recordings from the focus groups. A process of thematic analysis used independently by the two teams wasused to identify themes.Results: When the findings were compared, the themes generated using each technique were consistent andthere were no different themes or subthemes identified. The two techniques appeared to be comparable. Overarchingkey themes were consistent with the approach.Conclusion: The direct analysis method appears to have advantages. It is cost effective, trustworthy and possibly asuperior alternative when used with focus group data. However, the audio only method requires experienced researcherswho understand the context and if combining the two approaches takes time to do.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Greenwood, M and Kendrick, T and Davies, H and Gill, FJ
Keywords: Focus group, Qualitative data analysis, audio recordings, verbatim transcription
Journal or Publication Title: Applied Nursing Research
Publisher: W B Saunders Co
ISSN: 0897-1897
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.apnr.2017.02.024
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

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