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Breastfeeding and motor development: A longitudinal cohort study

Grace, T, Oddy, W ORCID: 0000-0002-6119-7017, Bulsara, M and Hands, B 2017 , 'Breastfeeding and motor development: A longitudinal cohort study' , Human Movement Science, vol. 51 , pp. 9-16 , doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2016.10.001.

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Abstract

Background: While there is a large body of work supporting the importance of early feeding practices on cognitive, immunity, behavioural and mental outcomes, few longitudinal studies have focused on motor development. The relationship between duration of breast feeding and motor development outcomes at 10, 14, and 17years were examined.Methods: Data were obtained from the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Study. There were 2868 live births recorded and children were examined for motor proficiency at 10 (M = 10.54, SD = 2.27), 14 (M = 14.02, SD = 2.33) and 17 (M = 16.99, SD = 2.97) years using the McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND). Using linear mixed models, adjusted for covariates known to affect motor development, the influence of predominant breast feeding for Results: Breast feeding for ⩾ 6months was positively associated with improved motor development outcomes at 10, 14 and 17 years of age (p = 0.019, β 1.38) when adjusted for child's sex, maternal age, alcohol intake, family income, hypertensive status, gestational stress and mode of delivery.Conclusion: Early life feeding practices have an influence on motor development outcomes into late childhood and adolescence independent of sociodemographic factors.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Grace, T and Oddy, W and Bulsara, M and Hands, B
Keywords: breastfeeding, child development, motor development, Raine study
Journal or Publication Title: Human Movement Science
Publisher: Elsevier Science Bv
ISSN: 0167-9457
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.humov.2016.10.001
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V.

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