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Validation of sun exposure reported annually against interim self-report and daily sun diaries

King, L, Xiang, F, Swaminathan, A, Dear, K, Harrison, SL, van der Mei, I ORCID: 0000-0001-9009-7472, Kimlin, MG, D'Este, C and Lucas, RM 2017 , 'Validation of sun exposure reported annually against interim self-report and daily sun diaries' , Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 93, no. 5 , pp. 1294-1302 , doi: 10.1111/php.12780.

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Data on personal sun exposure over a period exceeding the immediate past days or weeks are typically self-reported in brief questionnaire items. The validity of such self-reporting of longer term personal sun exposure, for example over a year, including detail on variation across seasons, has not previously been investigated. In a volunteer sample (n = 331) of Australian adults aged 18 years and over, we assessed the 12-month reliability of sun exposure reported separately for each season, and its accuracy compared to a daily sun diary in the same season. Seasonal time outdoors displayed fair-to-good reliability between baseline and end of study (12 months), with responses showing higher agreement at lower levels of time outdoors. There was good agreement for ranking of individuals' time outdoors with the daily sun diary data, although the actual diary time outdoors was typically considerably lower than the self-reported questionnaire data. Place of residence, education, being a smoker, day of the week (i.e. working day vs nonworking day) and working mainly outdoors were significant predictors of agreement. While participants overestimated their actual time outdoors, the self-report questionnaire provided a valid ranking of long-term sun exposure against others in the study that was reliable over time.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:King, L and Xiang, F and Swaminathan, A and Dear, K and Harrison, SL and van der Mei, I and Kimlin, MG and D'Este, C and Lucas, RM
Journal or Publication Title: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Publisher: Amer Soc Photobiology
ISSN: 0031-8655
DOI / ID Number: 10.1111/php.12780
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 The American Society of Photobiology

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