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Parental Supply of Alcohol in Childhood and Risky Drinking in Adolescence: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Sharmin, S, Kypri, K, Khanam, MA ORCID: 0000-0002-2103-6462, Wadolowski, M, Bruno, R ORCID: 0000-0001-6673-833X and Mattick, RP 2017 , 'Parental Supply of Alcohol in Childhood and Risky Drinking in Adolescence: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis' , International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 14, no. 3 , pp. 1-17 , doi: 10.3390/ijerph14030287.

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Abstract

Whether parental supply of alcohol affects the likelihood of later adolescent risky drinkingremains unclear. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to synthesize findings fromlongitudinal studies investigating this association. We searched eight electronic databases up to10 September 2016 for relevant terms and included only original English language peer-reviewedjournal articles with a prospective design. Two reviewers independently screened articles, extracteddata and assessed risk of bias. Seven articles met inclusion criteria, six of which used analyticmethods allowing for meta-analysis. In all seven studies, the follow-up period was ≥12 months andattrition ranged from 3% to 15%. Parental supply of alcohol was associated with subsequent riskydrinking (odds ratio = 2.00, 95% confidence interval = 1.72, 2.32); however, there was substantial risk ofconfounding bias and publication bias. In all studies, measurement of exposure was problematic giventhe lack of distinction between parental supply of sips of alcohol versus whole drinks. In conclusion,parental supply of alcohol in childhood is associated with an increased likelihood of risky drinkinglater in adolescence. However, methodological limitations preclude a causal inference. More robustlongitudinal studies are needed, with particular attention to distinguishing sips from whole drinks,measurement of likely confounders, and multivariable adjustment.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Sharmin, S and Kypri, K and Khanam, MA and Wadolowski, M and Bruno, R and Mattick, RP
Keywords: Parental Supply of Alcohol in Childhood and Risky Drinking Adolescence: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Journal or Publication Title: International journal of environmental research and public health
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 1660-4601
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/ijerph14030287
Copyright Information:

© 2017 by the authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

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