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Mobile medical applications for dosage recommendation, drug adverse reaction, and drug interaction

Apidi, NA, Murugiah, MK, Muthuveloo, R, Soh, YC, Caruso, V ORCID: 0000-0002-0523-6149, Patel, R ORCID: 0000-0001-9344-1013 and Ming, LC ORCID: 0000-0002-6971-1383 2017 , 'Mobile medical applications for dosage recommendation, drug adverse reaction, and drug interaction' , Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science, vol. 51, no. 4 , pp. 480-485 , doi: 10.1177/2168479017696266.

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Abstract

Background: There is a need for a collation and comparison of the content of the mobile medical applications (apps) to allow healthcare professionals to know precisely which app they can rely on to gain access to appropriate drugs references. This study aims toevaluate the features of mobile medical apps based on 3 major functions: Dosage recommendation, drug adverse Reaction, And DrugInteraction (DoReADI). Method: A review and comparison of mobile apps available in Google’s Play Store (Android system) andApple’s App Store (iOS system) were performed. The comparison was based on the availability of options, especially DoReADIfunctionalities. The assessment criteria were as follows: requirement for an Internet connection, subscription fee charged, size ofapp, dose recommendation, drug indication, dose calculator, drug picture, dose adjustment, pregnancy safety, interaction checker,interaction classification, clinical teaching advice, contraindicated drug, black box warning, adverse effect, contraindication orprecaution, as well as toxicology and pharmacology information. Results: Eight mobile medical apps were included and used tocompare their features and functionalities. The 4 apps that scored the highest (14/17 points) are: Lexicomp1, Epocrates1,Micromedex1, and Drugs.com1. Lexicomp and Micromedex do not provide the image of the drug and have an access subscriptionfee. Epocrates does not provide interaction classification and clinical teaching advice, and occupies a large space in thememory to be installed. Meanwhile, My Blue Book1 scored the lowest (9/17 points) because certain features such as toxicologyinformation, drug interaction, clinical teaching advice, contraindicated drug, and black box warning were not included. Conclusion:Based on the features assessment criteria of each mobile medical application, Lexicomp, Epocrates, Micromedex, and Drugs.comare the apps that scored the highest. Epocrates and Micromedex are useful for checking drug interactions. In addition, some of theapps have additional features for the DoReADI criteria, for example, dose calculator and interaction classification.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Apidi, NA and Murugiah, MK and Muthuveloo, R and Soh, YC and Caruso, V and Patel, R and Ming, LC
Keywords: drug adverse reaction, dosage recommendation
Journal or Publication Title: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc.
ISSN: 2168-4790
DOI / ID Number: 10.1177/2168479017696266
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 The Authors

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