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Carbon economics and transnational resistance to ecocide

White, R ORCID: 0000-0002-8800-0093 2017 , 'Carbon economics and transnational resistance to ecocide', in M Hall and J Maher and A Nurse and G Potter and B South and T Wyatt (eds.), Greening Criminology in the 21st Century , Routledge, United Kingdom, pp. 11-24.

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The concept of 'ecocide' refers to extensive damage, destruction or loss of the ecosystems of a given territory and includes both natural (for example, pest infestation of an ecosystem) and anthropocentric (that is, as a result of human activity) causes tor the harm. From a legal and criminological perspective, it is argued that if such harms occur as a result of human agency, then these acts or omissions should be defined as a crime against humanity (Higgins, 2010, 2012). The reason why detailed descriptions, definitions and histories ofecocide are once again emerging - and why the efficacy of the concept is currently being debated in various forums at the international level - is due to the sheer scale of environmental degradation now occurring worldwide. The concept of ecocide has been around since at least the 1970s (Gray, 1996; Teclaff, 1994) and for a time was under consideration for inclusion in the Rome Statute as a 'crime against humanity' (Higgins et al., 2013). But the impetus for ecocide to be officially recognised as a bona fide crime at the present time has been heightened by the current inadequacy of government responses, individually and collectively, to global warming.

Item Type: Book Section
Authors/Creators:White, R
Keywords: carbon economics, ecocide, criminology
Publisher: Routledge
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 selection and editorial matter, Matthew Hall, Jennifer Maher, Angus Nurse, Gary Potter, Nigel South, and Tanya Wyatt; individual chapters, the contributors

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