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Accumulated exposure to rural areas of residence over the life course is associated with overweight and obesity in adulthood: a 25-year prospective cohort study

Patterson, KAE ORCID: 0000-0003-0663-4154, Gall, SL ORCID: 0000-0002-5138-2526, Venn, AJ ORCID: 0000-0001-7090-1398, Otahal, P ORCID: 0000-0003-4042-1769, Blizzard, CL ORCID: 0000-0002-9541-6943, Dwyer, T and Cleland, V ORCID: 0000-0001-8358-3237 2017 , 'Accumulated exposure to rural areas of residence over the life course is associated with overweight and obesity in adulthood: a 25-year prospective cohort study' , Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 27, no. 3 , pp. 169-175 , doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2017.01.007.

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Abstract

Purpose :This prospective cohort study investigated whether body mass index (BMI) and weight status in mid-adulthood were predicted by trajectories of urban-rural residence from childhood to adulthood.Methods :Participants aged 7–15 years in 1985 (n = 8498) were followed up in 2004–2006 (n = 3999, aged 26–36 years) and 2009–2011 (n = 3049, aged 31–41 years). Area of residence (AOR) was classified as urban or rural at each time point. BMI and/or weight status was calculated from self-reported weight and height (2009–2011). We tested which of three life-course models (“accumulation,” “sensitive period,” “mobility”) best explained the AOR-BMI and/or weight status association using a novel life-course modeling framework.Results :Accumulation and sensitive period models best described the effect of AOR on mid-adulthood BMI and weight status. Those with greater accumulated exposure to rural areas had a higher BMI (β = 0.29 kg/m2 per time in a rural area, P = .005) and were more likely obese (relative risk = 1.13 per time in a rural area, P = .002). Living in rural areas at ages 26–30 years was also associated with a higher BMI and obesity in mid-adulthood.Conclusions :Greater cumulative exposure to rurality and exposure during the “sensitive period” of young adulthood is associated with obesity in middle-aged adults. This study highlights the important contribution of context to the development of obesity over the life course.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Patterson, KAE and Gall, SL and Venn, AJ and Otahal, P and Blizzard, CL and Dwyer, T and Cleland, V
Keywords: obesity, rural health, longitudinal studies, life course, body mass index, body weight
Journal or Publication Title: Annals of Epidemiology
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc
ISSN: 1047-2797
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2017.01.007
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

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