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Biodiversity redistribution under climate change: Impacts on ecosystems and human well-being

Pecl, GT ORCID: 0000-0003-0192-4339, Araujo, MB, Bell, JD, Blanchard, J ORCID: 0000-0003-0532-4824, Bonebreak, TC, Chen, I-C, Clark, TD ORCID: 0000-0001-8738-3347, Colwell, RK, Danielsen, F, Evengard, B, Falconi, L, Ferrier, S, Frusher, S ORCID: 0000-0003-2493-3676, Garcia, RA, Griffis, RB, Hobday, AJ, Janion-Scheepers, C, Jarzyna, MA, Jennings, S ORCID: 0000-0002-5760-4193, Lenoir, J, Linnetved, HI, Martin, VY, McCormack, PC ORCID: 0000-0001-6751-8291, McDonald, J ORCID: 0000-0002-7953-1458, Mitchell, NJ, Mustonen, T, Pandolfi, JM, Pettorelli, N, Popova, E, Robinson, SA, Scheffers, BR, Shaw, JD, Sorte, CJB, Strugnell, JM, Sunday, JM, Tuanmu, M-N, Verges, A, Villanueva, C ORCID: 0000-0001-9694-3131, Wernberg, T, Wapstra, E ORCID: 0000-0002-2050-8026 and Williams, SE 2017 , 'Biodiversity redistribution under climate change: Impacts on ecosystems and human well-being' , Science, vol. 355, no. 6332 , pp. 1389-1398 , doi: 10.1126/science.aai9214.

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Abstract

Distributions of Earth’s species are changing at accelerating rates, increasingly driven by human-mediated climate change. Such changes are already altering the composition of ecological communities, but beyond conservation of natural systems, how and why does this matter? We review evidence that climate-driven species redistribution at regional to global scales affects ecosystem functioning, human well-being, and the dynamics of climate change itself. Production of natural resources required for food security, patterns of disease transmission, and processes of carbon sequestration are all altered by changes in species distribution. Consideration of these effects of biodiversity redistribution is critical yet lacking in most mitigation and adaptation strategies, including the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Pecl, GT and Araujo, MB and Bell, JD and Blanchard, J and Bonebreak, TC and Chen, I-C and Clark, TD and Colwell, RK and Danielsen, F and Evengard, B and Falconi, L and Ferrier, S and Frusher, S and Garcia, RA and Griffis, RB and Hobday, AJ and Janion-Scheepers, C and Jarzyna, MA and Jennings, S and Lenoir, J and Linnetved, HI and Martin, VY and McCormack, PC and McDonald, J and Mitchell, NJ and Mustonen, T and Pandolfi, JM and Pettorelli, N and Popova, E and Robinson, SA and Scheffers, BR and Shaw, JD and Sorte, CJB and Strugnell, JM and Sunday, JM and Tuanmu, M-N and Verges, A and Villanueva, C and Wernberg, T and Wapstra, E and Williams, SE
Keywords: species range-shifts, climate change, human health, governance, climate feed-backs
Journal or Publication Title: Science
Publisher: Amer Assoc Advancement Science
ISSN: 0036-8075
DOI / ID Number: 10.1126/science.aai9214
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 The Authors

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